NHS Digital Data Release Register - reformatted

NHS Humber And North Yorkshire Icb - 42d projects

16 data files in total were disseminated unsafely (information about files used safely is missing for TRE/"system access" projects).


GDPPR COVID-19 – CCG - Pseudo — DARS-NIC-404697-Y7W2M

Opt outs honoured: No - Statutory exemption to flow confidential data without consent, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Statutory exemption to flow confidential data without consent)

Legal basis: CV19: Regulation 3 (4) of the Health Service (Control of Patient Information) Regulations 2002, CV19: Regulation 3 (4) of the Health Service (Control of Patient Information) Regulations 2002; Health and Social Care Act 2012 - s261(5)(d)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2020-09-23 — 2021-03-31 2021.01 — 2021.05.

Access method: One-Off, Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS NORTH YORKSHIRE CCG, NHS VALE OF YORK CCG, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 03Q, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 42D

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. GPES Data for Pandemic Planning and Research (COVID-19)
  2. COVID-19 Vaccination Status

Objectives:

NHS Digital has been provided with the necessary powers to support the Secretary of State’s response to COVID-19 under the COVID-19 Public Health Directions 2020 (COVID-19 Directions) and support various COVID-19 purposes, the data shared under this agreement can be used for these specified purposes except where they would require the reidentification of individuals.

GPES data for pandemic planning and research (GDPPR COVID 19)
To support the response to the outbreak, NHS Digital has been legally directed to collect and analyse healthcare information about patients from their GP record for the duration of the COVID-19 emergency period under the COVID-19 Directions.
The data which NHS Digital has collected and is providing under this agreement includes coded health data, which is held in a patient’s GP record, such as details of:
• diagnoses and findings
• medications and other prescribed items
• investigations, tests and results
• treatments and outcomes
• vaccinations and immunisations

Details of any sensitive SNOMED codes included in the GDPPR data set can be found in the Reference Data and GDPPR COVID 19 user guides hosted on the NHS Digital website. SNOMED codes are included in GDPPR data.
There are no free text record entries in the data.

The Controller will use the pseudonymised GDPPR COVID 19 data to provide intelligence to support their local response to the COVID-19 emergency. The data is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the CCG area for the COVID-19 purposes.

Such uses of the data include but are not limited to:

• Analysis of missed appointments - Analysis of local missed/delayed referrals due to the COVID-19 crisis to estimate the potential impact and to estimate when ‘normal’ health and care services may resume, linked to Paragraph 2.2.3 of the COVID-19 Directions.

• Patient risk stratification and predictive modelling - to highlight patients at risk of requiring hospital admission due to COVID-19, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models linked to Paragraph 2.2.2 of the COVID-19 Directions. As with all risk stratification, this would lead to the identification of the characteristics of a cohort that could subsequently, and separately, be used to identify individuals for intervention. However the identification of individuals will not be done as part of this data sharing agreement, and the data shared under this agreement will not be reidentified.

• Resource Allocation - In order to assess system wide impact of COVID-19, the GDPPR COVID 19 data will allow reallocation of resources to the worst hit localities using their expertise in scenario planning, clinical impact and assessment of workforce needs, linked to Paragraph 2.2.4 of the COVID-19 Directions:

The data may only be linked by the Data Controller or their respective Data Processor, to other pseudonymised datasets which it holds under a current data sharing agreement only where such data is provided for the purposes of general commissioning by NHS Digital. The Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations (COPI) will also apply to any data linked to the GDPPR data.
The linked data may only be used for purposes stipulated within this agreement and may only be held and used whilst both data sharing agreements are live and in date. Using the linked data for any other purposes, including non-COVID-19 purposes would be considered a breach of this agreement. Reidentification of individuals is not permitted under this DSA.

LEGAL BASIS FOR PROCESSING DATA:
Legal Basis for NHS Digital to Disseminate the Data:
NHS Digital is able to disseminate data with the Recipients for the agreed purposes under a notice issued to NHS Digital by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care under Regulation 3(4) of the Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations (COPI) dated 17 March 2020 (the NHSD COPI Notice).
The Recipients are health organisations covered by Regulation 3(3) of COPI and the agreed purposes (paragraphs 2.2.2-2.2.4 of the COVID-19 Directions, as stated below in section 5a) for which the disseminated data is being shared are covered by Regulation 3(1) of COPI.

Under the Health and Social Care Act, NHS Digital is relying on section 261(5)(d) – necessary or expedient to share the disseminated data with the Recipients for the agreed purposes.


Legal Basis for Processing:
The Recipients are able to receive and process the disseminated data under a notice issued to the Recipients by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care under Regulation 3(4) of COPI dated 20th March (the Recipient COPI Notice section 2).

The Secretary of State has issued notices under the Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations 2002 requiring the following organisations to process information:

Health organisations

“Health Organisations” defined below under Regulation 3(3) of COPI includes CCGs for the reasons explained below. These are clinically led statutory NHS bodies responsible for the planning and commissioning of health care services for their local area

The Secretary of State for Health and Social Care has issued NHS Digital with a Notice under Regulation 3(4) of the National Health Service (Control of Patient Information Regulations) 2002 (COPI) to require NHS Digital to share confidential patient information with organisations permitted to process confidential information under Regulation 3(3) of COPI. These include:

• persons employed or engaged for the purposes of the health service

Under Section 26 of the Health and Social Care Act 2012, CCG’s have a duty to provide and manage health services for the population.

Regulation 7 of COPI includes certain limitations. The request has considered these limitations, considering data minimisation, access controls and technical and organisational measures.

Under GDPR, the Recipients can rely on Article 6(1)(c) – Legal Obligation to receive and process the Disclosed Data from NHS Digital for the Agreed Purposes under the Recipient COPI Notice. As this is health information and therefore special category personal data the Recipients can also rely on Article 9(2)(h) – preventative or occupational medicine and para 6 of Schedule 1 DPA – statutory purpose.

Expected Benefits:

• Manage demand and capacity
• Reallocation of resources
• Bring in additional workforce support
• Assists commissioners to make better decisions to support patients
• Identifying COVID-19 trends and risks to public health
• Enables CCGs to provide guidance and develop policies to respond to the outbreak
• Controlling and helping to prevent the spread of the virus

Outputs:

• Operational planning to predict likely demand on primary, community and acute service for vulnerable patients due to the impact of COVID-19
• Analysis of resource allocation
• Investigating and monitoring the effects of COVID-19
• Patient Stratification in relation to COVID-19, such as:
o Patients at highest risk of admission
o Frail and elderly
o Patients that are currently in hospital
o Patients with prescriptions related to COVID-19
o Patients recently Discharged from hospital
For avoidance of doubt these are pseudonymised patient cohorts, not identifiable.

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract i.e.: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data).

The Recipients will take all required security measures to protect the disseminated data and they will not generate copies of their cuts of the disseminated data unless this is strictly necessary. Where this is necessary, the Recipients will keep a log of all copies of the disseminated data and who is controlling them and ensure these are updated and destroyed securely.

Onward sharing of patient level data is not permitted under this agreement. Only aggregated reports with small number suppression can be shared externally.

The data disseminated will only be used for COVID-19 GDPPR purposes as described in this DSA, any other purpose is excluded.

SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

AUDIT
All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital in accordance with the Data Sharing Framework Contract and NHS Digital terms.
Under the Local Audit and Accountability Act 2014, section 35, Secretary of State has power to audit all data that has flowed, including under COPI.

DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below:

• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the CCG region (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner area).
and/or
• Patients treated by a provider where the CCG is the host/co-ordinating commissioner and/or has the primary responsibility for the provider services in the local health economy.
and/or
• Activity identified by the provider and recorded as such within national systems (such as SUS+) as for the attention of the CCG.

The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
- GDPPR COVID 19 Data
Pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:
1. Pseudonymised GDPPR COVID 19 data is securely transferred from the DSCRO to the Data Controller / Processor
2. Aggregation of required data will be completed by the Controller (or the Processor as instructed by the Controller).
3. Patient level data may not be shared by the Controller (or any of its processors).


DSfC - NHS North Yorkshire CCG - RS, IV — DARS-NIC-362273-D4H7T

Opt outs honoured: Yes - patient objections upheld, Identifiable (Mixture of confidential data flow(s) with support under section 251 NHS Act 2006 and non-confidential data flow(s))

Legal basis: National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'.

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2020-04-01 — 2023-03-31 2020.03 — 2021.05.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow, One-Off

Data-controller type: NHS NORTH YORKSHIRE CCG, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 42D

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. SUS for Commissioners

Objectives:

INVOICE VALIDATION
Invoice validation is part of a process by which providers of care or services get paid for the work they do.

Invoices are submitted to the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) so the CCG is are able to ensure that the activity claimed for each patient is their responsibility. This is done by processing and analysing Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, which is received into a secure Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF). The SUS+ data is identifiable at the level of NHS number. The NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets (data from providers) and will not be used further.

The CCG are advised by the appointed CEfF whether payment for invoices can be made or not.

Invoice Validation will be conducted by North of England Commissioning Support Unit.

RISK STRATIFICATION
Risk stratification is a tool for identifying and predicting which patients are at high risk (of health deterioration and using multiple services) or are likely to be at high risk and prioritising the management of their care in order to prevent worse outcomes.

To conduct risk stratification Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, identifiable at the level of NHS number is linked with Primary Care data (from GPs) and an algorithm is applied to produce risk scores. Risk Stratification provides focus for future demands by enabling commissioners to prepare plans for both individual and groups of vulnerable patients. Commissioners can then prepare plans for patients who may require high levels of care. Risk Stratification also enables General Practitioners (GPs) to better target intervention in Primary Care.

Risk Stratification will be conducted by North of England Commissioning Support Unit.


Expected Benefits:

INVOICE VALIDATION
The invoice validation process supports the ongoing delivery of patient care across the NHS and the CCG region by:
1. Ensuring that activity is fully financially validated.
2. Ensuring that service providers are accurately paid for the patients treatment.
3. Enabling services to be planned, commissioned, managed, and subjected to financial control.
4. Enabling commissioners to confirm that they are paying appropriately for treatment of patients for whom they are responsible.
5. Fulfilling commissioners duties to fiscal probity and scrutiny.
6. Ensuring full financial accountability for relevant organisations.
7. Ensuring robust commissioning and performance management.
8. Ensuring commissioning objectives do not compromise patient confidentiality.
9. Ensuring the avoidance of misappropriation of public funds.


RISK STRATIFICATION
Risk stratification promotes improved case management in primary care and will lead to the following benefits being realised:
1. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
2. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services thus allowing early intervention.
3. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
4. Supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework by allowing for more targeted intervention in primary care.
5. Better understanding of local population characteristics through analysis of their health and healthcare outcomes
All of the above lead to improved patient experience through more effective commissioning of services.

Outputs:

INVOICE VALIDATION
1. The Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) will enable the CCG to challenge invoices and raise discrepancies and disputes.
2. Outputs from the CEfF will enable accurate production of budget reports, which will:
a. Assist in addressing poor quality data issues
b. Assist in business intelligence
3. Validation of invoices for non-contracted events where a service delivered to a patient by a provider that does not have a written contract with the patient’s responsible commissioner, but does have a written contract with another NHS commissioner/s.
4. Budget control of the CCG.

RISK STRATIFICATION
1. As part of the risk stratification processing activity detailed above, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool which highlights patients for whom the GP is responsible and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
2. GP Practices will be able to view the risk scores for individual patients with the ability to display the underlying SUS+ data for the individual patients when it is required for direct care purposes by someone who has a legitimate relationship with the patient.

CCGs will be able to:
3. Target specific vulnerable patient groups and enable clinicians with the duty of care for the patient to offer appropriate interventions.
4. Reduce hospital readmissions and targeting clinical interventions to high risk patients.
5. Identify patients at risk of deterioration and providing effective care.
6. Reduce in the difference in the quality of care between those with the best and worst outcomes.
7. Re-design care to reduce admissions.
8. Set up capitated budgets – budgets based on care provided to the specific population.
9. Identify health determinants of risk of admission to hospital, or other adverse care outcomes.
10. Monitor vulnerable groups of patients including but not limited to frailty, COPD, Diabetes, elderly.
11. Health needs assessments – identifying numbers of patients with specific health conditions or combination of conditions.
12. Classify vulnerable groups based on: disease profiles; conditions currently being treated; current service use; pharmacy use and risk of future overall cost.
13. Production of Theographs – a visual timeline of a patients encounters with hospital providers.
14. Analyse based on specific diseases
In addition:
- The risk stratification tool will provide aggregate reporting of number and percentage of population found to be at risk.
- Record level output (pseudonymised) will be available for commissioners (of the CCG), pseudonymised at patient level. Onward sharing of this data is not permitted.

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement. Data released will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

The DSCRO (part of NHS Digital) will apply National Opt-outs before any identifiable data leaves the DSCRO only for the purpose of Risk Stratification.

CCGs should work with general practices within their CCG to help them fulfil data controller responsibilities regarding flow of identifiable data into risk stratification tools.

The only identifier available in the data set is the NHS numbers. Any further identification of the patients will only be completed by the patient’s clinician on their own systems for the purpose of direct care with a legitimate relationship.


ONWARD SHARING:
Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

Aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared externally as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.


SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold identifiable data with opt outs applied and identifiable data with opt outs not applied, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from the DSCRO and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.


DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Risk Stratification:
• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the North Yorkshire CCG region (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner

For the purpose of Invoice Validation:
• Patients who are resident and/or registered within the CCG region.

N3i supply IT infrastructure and are therefore listed as a data processor. They supply support to the system, but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

Pulsant and IT Professional Services Ltd and do not access data held under this agreement as they only supply the building. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

INVOICE VALIDATION

North of England Commissioning Support Unit
1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the North of England Commissioning Support Unit
3. The CEfF also receive backing data from the provider.
4. North of England Commissioning Support Unit carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group are responsible for payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or provider backing flow data.
b. Once the provider backing information is received, this will be checked against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG guidance. 
5. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between North of England Commissioning Support CEfF team and the provider, meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.


RISK STRATIFICATION

North of England Commissioning Support Unit
1. Identifiable SUS+ data is transferred from the SUS Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. Data quality management and standardisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the data identifiable at the level of NHS number is transferred securely to North of England Commissioning Support Unit who securely hold the SUS+ data.
3. Identifiable GP Data is securely sent from the GP system to North of England Commissioning Support Unit
4. SUS+ data is linked to GP data in the risk stratification tool by the data processor.
5. As part of the risk stratification processing activity, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool within the data processor, which highlights patients with whom the GP has a legitimate relationship and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
6. Once North of England Commissioning Support Unit has completed the processing, the CCG can access the online system via a secure connection to access the data pseudonymised at patient level.


DSfC - Joint DC Commissioning application - North Yorkshire — DARS-NIC-325899-B0C9B

Opt outs honoured: No - data flow is not identifiable, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Does not include the flow of confidential data)

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 - s261 - 'Other dissemination of information', Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(2)(b)(ii)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2020-01-16 — 2023-01-15 2020.03 — 2021.05.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow, One-Off

Data-controller type: NHS NORTH YORKSHIRE CCG, NHS VALE OF YORK CCG, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 03Q, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 42D

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  3. Children and Young People Health
  4. Civil Registration - Births
  5. Civil Registration - Deaths
  6. Community Services Data Set
  7. Community-Local Provider Flows
  8. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  9. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  10. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  11. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  12. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  13. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  14. Maternity Services Data Set
  15. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  16. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  17. Mental Health Services Data Set
  18. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  19. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  20. National Diabetes Audit
  21. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  22. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  23. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  24. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  25. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  26. SUS for Commissioners
  27. e-Referral Service for Commissioning
  28. Personal Demographic Service
  29. Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator
  30. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  31. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5

Objectives:

COMMISSIONING
To use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support the commissioning of health services. The data (containing both clinical and financial information) is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the CCG area.

The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers.

The following pseudonymised datasets are required to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services:
- Secondary Uses Service (SUS+)
- Local Provider Flows
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
- Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
- Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
- Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
- Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
- Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
- Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
- Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
- National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)
- Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births)
- Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Deaths)
- National Diabetes Audit (NDA)
- Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)

The pseudonymised data is required to for the following purposes:
 Population health management:
• Understanding the interdependency of care services
• Targeting care more effectively
• Using value as the redesign principle
 Data Quality and Validation – allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
 Thoroughly investigating the needs of the population, to ensure the right services are available for individuals when and where they need them
 Understanding cohorts of residents who are at risk of becoming users of some of the more expensive services, to better understand and manage those needs
 Monitoring population health and care interactions to understand where people may slip through the net, or where the provision of care may be being duplicated
 Modelling activity across all data sets to understand how services interact with each other, and to understand how changes in one service may affect flows through another
 Service redesign
 Health Needs Assessment – identification of underlying disease prevalence within the local population
 Patient stratification and predictive modelling - to highlight patients at risk of requiring hospital admission and other avoidable factors such as risk of falls, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models

The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.

Processing for commissioning will be conducted by North of England Commissioning Support Unit, Optum Health Services (UK) Limited and RSR Consultants Limited.

Expected Benefits:

COMMISSIONING
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Financial and Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.
7. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
8. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.
9. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
10. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.
11. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.
12. Better understanding of contract requirements, contract execution, and required services for management of existing contracts, and to assist with identification and planning of future contracts
13. Insights into patient outcomes, and identification of the possible efficacy of outcomes-based contracting opportunities.
14. Providing greater understanding of the underlying courses and look to commission improved supportive networks, this would be ongoing work which would be continually assessed.
15. Insight to understand the numerous factors that play a role in the outcome for both datasets. The linkage will allow the reporting both prior to, during and after the activity, to provide greater assurance on predictive outcomes and delivery of best practice.
16. Provision of indicators of health problems, and patterns of risk within the commissioning region.
17. Support of benchmarking for evaluating progress in future years.

Processing by RSR Consulting:
The provision of this data and completion of this work would allow RSR LTD to produce a report to CCGs which would:
• identify any coding or counting changes
• identify at provider level any possible changes to counting over time
• identify changes in classification, coding drift
• assess financial impact to CCGs or any changes
• assess if each change is worth pursuing as formal financial challenge.

Outputs:

COMMISSIONING
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports.
9. Comparators of CCG performance with similar CCGs as set out by a specific range of care quality and performance measures detailed activity and cost reports
10. Data Quality and Validation measures allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
11. Contract Management and Modelling
12. Patient Stratification, such as:
o Patients at highest risk of admission
o High cost activity uses
o Frail and elderly
o Patients that are currently in hospital
o Patients with most referrals to secondary care
o Patients with most emergency activity
o Patients with most expensive prescriptions
o Patients recently moving from one care setting to another
i. Discharged from hospital
ii. Discharged from community
13. Validation for payment approval, ability to validate that claims are not being made after an individual has died, like Oxygen services.
14. Validation of programs implemented to improve patient pathway e.g. High users unable to validate if the process to help patients find the best support are working or did the patient die.
15. Clinical - understand reasons why patients are dying, what additional support services can be put in to support.
16. Understanding where patient are dying e.g. are patients dying at hospitals due to hospices closing due to Local authorities withdrawing support, or is there a problem at a particular trust.
17. Removal of patients from Risk Stratification reports.
18. Re births provide a one stop shop of information, Births are recorded in multiple sources covering hospital and home births, a chance to overlook activity.

RSR Consultants Limited
The provision of this data and completion of this work would allow RSR LTD to:
1. analyse the data through their bespoke coding analysis software
2. produce a report for the CCGs which would identify any coding or counting changes
3. identify at provider level any possible changes to counting over time
4. identify changes in classification, coding drift
5. assess financial impact to CCGs or any changes
6. assess if each change is worth pursuing as formal financial challenge.

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement. Data released will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)


ONWARD SHARING:
Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG's unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

Aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared externally as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.


SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold identifiable data with opt outs applied and identifiable data with opt outs not applied, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.


DATA MINIMISATION
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Commissioning:
• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the North Yorkshire CCG and NHS Vale of York CCG (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner).
and/or
• Patients treated by a provider where North Yorkshire CCG and NHS Vale of York CCG is the host/co-ordinating commissioner and/or has the primary responsibility for the provider services in the local health economy – this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.
and/or
• Activity identified by the provider and recorded as such within national systems (such as SUS+) as for the attention of North Yorkshire CCG and NHS Vale of York CCG - this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.
This includes data that was previously under a different organisation name but has now merged into this CCG


IT Professional Services (ITPS) and Pulsant do not access data held under this agreement as they only supply the building for processing/storage. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

N3i supply IT infrastructure and are therefore listed as a data processor. They supply support to the system, but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.


Commissioning
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS+
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
10. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
11. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)
12. Civil Registries (Births and Deaths) Data (CRD)
13. National Diabetes Audit (NDA)
14. Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)

Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:

Data Processor 1 North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU)

1. North of England Commissioning Support Unit receive GP, Social Care and as per points A-C below.
2. Once the pseudonymised GP data and social care data is received, the CSU make a request to the DSCRO.
3. The DSCRO then send a mapping table to the CSU
4. The CSU then overwrite the organisation specific keys with the DSCRO key.
5. The mapping table is then deleted.
6. The DSCRO then pass the pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS), Community Services Data Set (CSDS), Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS), National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT), Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births and Deaths), National Diabetes Audit (NDA) and Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) securely to North of England CSU for the addition of derived fields, linkage of data sets and analysis.
7. Social care and GP is then linked to the data sets listed within point 6 in the CSU, utilising algorithms and analysis.
8. North of England Commissioning Support provide analysis to:
o See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
o Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
o Undertake population health management
o Undertake data quality and validation checks
o Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
o Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
o Conduct Health Needs Assessments
9. North of England Commissioning Support also apply an risk stratification algorithm to the pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider flows and GP data.
10. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by the CSU as instructed by the CCGs.
11. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the Data Processor/Controller and will only be shared within the Data Processors on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.

A) GP Data:

North of England Commissioning Support Unit also receive GP Data. It is received as follows:

i. Identifiable GP data is submitted to the CSU.
ii. The data lands in a ring-fenced area for GP data only.
iii. There is a Data Processing Agreement in place between the GP and the CSU. A specific named individual within the CSU
acts on behalf on the GP. This person has been issued with a black box.
iv. The individual requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be used once. The
key is specific to that GP and the pseudonymisation request. The individual does not have access to the data once it has
been passed on to the CSU.
v. The GP data is then pseudonymised using the black box and DSCRO issued key and the clear data is then deleted from the
ring-fenced area.
vi. The CSU are then sent the pseudo GP data with the pseudo key specific to them.

B) Social Care Data:

North of England Commissioning Support Unit receive a flow of social care data. Social Care data is received in one of
the following 2 ways:

Pseudonymised:
i. The social care organisation is issued with their own black box solution.
ii. The social care organisation requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be
used once and is specific to that date.
iii. The social care organisation submits the pseudonymised social care data to the CSU with the pseudo algorithm specific
to them

Identifiable:
i. Identifiable Social Care data is submitted to North of England Commissioning Support Unit
ii. The data lands in a ring-fenced area for GP data only.
iii. There is a Data Processing Agreement in place between the Local Authority and North of England Commissioning
Support Unit A specific named individual within North of England Commissioning Support Unit on behalf on the Local
Authority. This person has been issued with a black box.
iv. The individual requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be used once. The
key is specific to the Local Authority and to that specific date.
v. Before North of England Commissioning Support Unit will receive the data from the ring-fenced area, they require
confirmation that the identifiable data has been deleted.
vi. North of England Commissioning Support Unit are then sent the pseudonymised GP data with the pseudo algorithm
specific to them.

Data Processor 2 - Optum Health Solutions (UK) Limited
Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd
1. Pseudonymised SUS, Primary Care data, Social Care Data, Mental Health Services Data Set and Community Services Data Set is securely transferred from North of England Commissioning Support to Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd.
2. Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd add derived fields, link SUS fields and provide analysis to:
• See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
• Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers (CCG).
• Undertake population health management
• Undertake data quality and validation checks
• Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
• Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
• Conduct Health Needs Assessments
3. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contain within point 1
4. Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the CCG.
5. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd or the CCG as instructed by the CCG.
6. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG and will only be shared within the CCG on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared.
7. Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd will only be in receipt of data and only be permitted to act as Data Processors for the period specified in the contract with the CCG.

Data Processor 3 - RSR Consultants Limited
1. Pseudonymised SUS+ only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to North of England Commissioning Support Unit.
2. North of England Commissioning Support Unit conduct calculations and provide a subset of pseudonymised SUS to RSR Consulting Limited.
3. RSR Consulting Limited provide analysis.
4. RSR Consulting Limited then pass the processed, pseudonymised data to the CCG.
5. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by RSR Consulting Limited or the CCG as instructed by the CCG.
6. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set


Cancer Alliance access to National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (NCWTMDS) from the Cancer Wait Times (CWT) System — DARS-NIC-204531-P5L8G

Opt outs honoured: No - data flow is not identifiable, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Does not include the flow of confidential data)

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 - s261 - 'Other dissemination of information'

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location, Network)

Sensitive: Non Sensitive, and Non-Sensitive, and Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2019-11-01 — 2020-10-31 2019.11 — 2020.09.

Access method: System Access
(System access exclusively means data was not disseminated, but was accessed under supervision on NHS Digital's systems)

Data-controller type: NHS EAST RIDING OF YORKSHIRE CCG, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 02Y

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  2. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)

Objectives:

Improvements for Cancer patients

The independent Cancer Taskforce set out an ambitious vision for improving services, care and outcomes for everyone with Cancer: fewer people getting Cancer, more people surviving Cancer, more people having a good experience of their treatment and care, whoever they are and wherever they live, and more people being supported to live as well as possible after treatment has finished.


Cancer Alliances

Cancer Alliances, which have been set up across England, are key to driving the change needed across the country to achieve the Taskforce’s vision. Bringing together local clinical and managerial leaders from providers and commissioners who represent the whole Cancer pathway, Cancer Alliances provide the opportunity for a different way of working to improve and transform Cancer services. Cancer Alliance partners will take a whole population, whole pathway approach to improving outcomes across their geographical ‘footprints’, building on their relevant Sustainability and Transformation Plans (STPs). They will bring together influential local decision-makers and be responsible for directing funding to transform services and care across whole pathways, reducing variation in the availability of good care and treatment for all people with Cancer, and delivering continuous improvement and reduction in inequality of experience. They will particularly focus on leading transformations at scale to improve survival, early diagnosis, patient experience and long-term quality of life. Successful delivery will be shown in improvements in ratings in the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) Improvement and Assessment Framework (IAF), including, importantly, in the 62 day wait from referral to first treatment standard.
https://www.england.nhs.uk/publication/ccg-iaf-methodology-manual/


Cancer Wait Times (CWT) system

The Cancer Wait Times (CWT) system collects and validates the National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (NCWTMDS), allowing performance to be measured against operational Cancer standards. Data is validated and records merged to the same pathway to cover the period from referral to first definitive treatment for Cancer and any additional subsequent treatments.
The CWT system then determines whether the operational standard(s) that apply were met or not for the patient and the accountable provider(s). The CWT system holds NCWTMDS in a series of pre-aggregated static reports. These reports are available monthly and quarterly data (aligned with the National Statistics for Cancer Waiting Times published by NHS England). Users can query the CWT system to generate reports to feedback on the progress towards meeting these targets.


Humber, Coast and Vale Cancer Alliance

NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group (the CA's Hosting organisation) will directly access the Cancer Waiting Times System on behalf of Humber, Coast and Vale Cancer Alliance across Humber, Coast and Vale. Humber, Coast and Vale Cancer Alliance is hosted by NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group a population of 1.4 million people.

NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group hosts Humber, Coast and Vale Cancer Alliance.

NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group works with health organisations across Humber, Coast and Vale including 3 acute providers, 6 clinical commissioning groups, no community providers and 6 hospices.

Acute Providers

Hull and East Yorkshire Hospitals NHS Trust (RWA)
Northern Lincolnshire and Goole Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (RJL)
York Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust (RCB)

Clinical Commissioning Groups

NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group (02Y)
NHS Hull Clinical Commissioning Group (03F)
NHS North East Lincolnshire Clinical Commissioning Group (03H)
NHS North Lincolnshire Clinical Commissioning Group (03K)
NHS Scarborough & Ryedale Clinical Commissioning Group (03M)
NHS Vale of York Clinical Commissioning Group (03Q)

Hospices

Andy’s Children’s Hospice, Barton-upon-Humber
Dove House Hospice, Hull
Lindsey Lodge, Scunthorpe
Saint Catherine's Hospice, Scarborough
St Andrew's Hospice, Grimsby
St Leonards Hospice, York


Data access

The CWT system provides the lead organisations representing each Cancer Alliance, with access to the following;
a) Aggregate reports (which may include unsuppressed small numbers)
b) Pseudonymised record level data - users can directly download this data from the CWT system
c) I-View Plus tool

Lead organisations will only access patient records which fall within the Cancer Alliances' footprint of responsibility based on the patients' CCG of responsibility. This Cancer Alliance is limited to Humber, Coast and Vale Cancer Patients.

A) Aggregate reports including small numbers
Aggregate data is available in the form of reports at Provider (Trust) and Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) level.
Small numbers may be included in the aggregate data reports and are essential for analyses carried out by lead organisations.

Investigating breaches
Lead organisations routinely monitor performance and standards using the CWT system, particularly in relation to breaches of the 62 day wait target. Due to the large number of potential Trust/CCG combinations, breach counts could result in small numbers as in some cases there are less than 6 breaches in a whole year. Given that financial penalties are linked to target breaches counts must accurately reflect the true percentage without suppression.

Mitigating risk of re-identification
Risk of disclosure is minimised as the dataset does not include patient demographics (increasing risk of re-identification) that may allow users to identify an individual e.g. there are no age, ethnic categories or geographic breakdowns based on patient postcode.

Additionally, the aggregation categories are such that the data is not at a lesser granular level e.g. the source NCWTMDS data collects information at ICD diagnosis code level, but the CWT system aggregates at tumour group level – e.g. Head & Neck, Upper GI, lower GI, Breast etc.

B) Pseudonymised record level extracts
Lead organisations will access record level pseudonymised data which includes the system generated pseudo CWT patient ID.

Any record level data extracted from the system will not be processed outside of the authorised users of the system.

C) i-View Plus .
iView Plus uses cube functionality to allow lead organisations to produce graphs, charts and tabulations from the data through the construction of queries. The data in iView plus is split by operational standard being measured and can then be analysed against a range of dimensions collected in the data and measures such as count, percentage and median. The outputs of iView Plus are aggregate, and no record level data can be obtained, however some queries may result in small numbers and these currently have limited disclosure control applied, see A) for further explanation.
iView Plus holds published data, the lowest organisational granularity is trust level, data can also be aggregated to CCG level and other health hierarchies.

Lead organisations will use the data to both monitor and improve performance against the Cancer Waiting Time standards and to inform wider Cancer pathway improvements.

Lead organisations use of the data will fall into two separate categories, each requiring different levels of suppression, and onward sharing both within the Cancer Alliance and with wider NHS stakeholders;

Purpose One - Aggregate local reports
Generation of routine Cancer Waiting Times reports at Provider (Trust) or CCG level. Lead organisations will access a summary of the totals for the Providers (Trust) and CCGs that are treating cancer patients where they have a commissioning responsibility for that patient (based on the CCGs they are aligned to). This analysis would then be shared with the providers and commissioners (Acute Providers, CCGs, Community Providers & Hospices) and used to inform service improvement by providing benchmarked comparable data. The format of this report would be in a tabulated or graphical form (i.e. not record level) but may contain small numbers. An example of where small numbers would not be suppressed would be in relation to cases of breaches against a standard where small numbers would be essential to ensure the report is meaningful.

Examples of this type of analysis include:
a. Comparative Cancer Waiting Times performance at tumour group and individual tumour site (i.e. ICD10 code) level for Trusts and CCGs across the geography
b. Analysis of Cancer Waiting Times performance by treatment modality
c. Grouping length of waits for standards
d. Analysis of free text and derived breach reason fields to identify trends in reasons for delays
e. To provide assurance through comparative analysis (e.g. orphan record identification, active monitoring proportions and validation of waiting list adjustments entered)
f. Analysis of flows of patients including analysis by provider trust site
g. Reviewing waits between surgery and radiotherapy for Head and Neck Cancer patients with a maximum recommended wait of 6 weeks
h. Reviewing routes to diagnosis of patients
i. Quantifying treatment volumes by provider organisation including analysis treatment rates

Purpose Two - Sharing of record level data (including free text breach reasons) with providers and commissioners (Acute Providers, CCGs, Community Providers & Hospices) responsible for direct patient care for that patient. This will be for local clinical audit purposes.

The two broad purposes for this would be;

1) To support local clinical audit work
2) Investigate individual outliers to the national standards

Pathway analysis will be undertaken, identifying trends in reasons for breaches. The analysis will inform system wide pathway improvements and compliance to the national standards. Examples of potential changes to achieve this could be to support trusts in additional resources and processes and also to facilitate discuss between trusts for example in reaching agreement for diagnostics between trusts.

Examples of the types of reasons for this include;
a. Patients waiting excessively long period of time to seen of received treatment
b. Free text breach reasons identifying areas of concern which require more detail or clarification from provider
c. Identification of 28 day standard exceptions - National guidance states patients who are diagnosed with cancer should be informed face to face, this would highlights numbers of patients who are not told in person by provider
d. Audits to review orphan records which require local providers to review local patients records

Record level data (pseudonymised) will be shared via NHS.net email accounts and access will be controlled by password protecting all files.

While the Cancer Alliance works together to decide on areas of interest, the lead organisation decides, independently, how to support these decisions via the use of the CWT data.

Yielded Benefits:

The CA has used data available from NHS England's (NHSE) Statistical Work Areas; information received from Cancer Alliance Data, Evidence and Analysis Service (CADEAS) and other public websites such as Fingertips to create a variety of products such as: o Cancer Performance Dashboard o Diagnostics Waiting Times and Activity for Diagnostic Tests and Procedures Dashboard o 2 Week Wait Conversion Rates These products have been used to assist the Cancer Alliance to provide performance insights for all trusts and CCGs; analysis of individual trusts’ performance against each indicator down to the individual tumour or treatment type; performance management information to guide conversations with NHS England, CCGs, individual trusts and the CA’s Programme Executive Board; System Board; Systems Performance Assurance and Monitoring Group etc. In addition, these products and other analysis has been used to information: o Bids for Transformational funding:  Cancer Champions Programme (CCP) was developed in North East Lincolnshire and is being rolled out to all areas within Humber Coast & Vale (HCV). The CCP is designed to inform local populations, so they can identify symptoms and when and how to access services. The aim is to achieve an 11% increase in individuals acting on symptoms. The programme focuses on 12 cancers and includes awareness and understanding of the 3 screening programmes. Training is delivered within traditionally hard to reach communities\local businesses, health organisations, local councils and voluntary groups. The target to achieve 400 cancer champions has been reached 4 months ahead of schedule due to the popularity of the courses. The aim is to reach 800 champions in high risk communities by March 2019.  Diagnostics Work Programme – Decisions have/will be made about the future shape of diagnostics services (radiology, pathology, endoscopy) and action plans will be developed to deliver the necessary changes to enable delivery of the future model across HCV. This will include decisions about what equipment is required and where it should be placed for greatest impact and a strategy for diagnostics workforce development, recruitment and retention. We will also adopt standardise processes to remove unwarranted variation in practice and patient experience. All patients across HCV, both cancer and non-cancer, will benefit from an improved diagnostics services in terms of more timely diagnosis and access to treatment and reduced anxiety caused by waiting for a diagnosis. The ambition is for all diagnostic tests to be done and reported in accordance with national standards including CWT standards and pathway specific requirements. Outputs of the programme to date are a completed capacity and demand exercise across HCV which is informing priorities and development of the future model, on a strategic and collaborative basis. Work to commence delivery of digital pathology services and a networked approach to radiology reporting are also underway. o Bids for funding 62 Day Recovery Funding to improve the 62 day operation standard e.g. CA received £780k to provide additional services such as:  Colorectal Straight to Test – Funding (£214k) to appoint CNS’s to triage referrals and send patient straight to test where appropriate. It is expected 500 patients will be seen between Nov 18 and Mar 19.  Endoscopy activity - 17 weekend sessions to provide 400 additional colonoscopy procedures. 25 Follow Up clinics to progress patients requiring treatment. For a period of 3 months an additional 50 lists equating to 250 surveillance patients which would free up 10 FT slots per week internally; total of 120 FT slots - impact would be to reduce the endoscopy diagnostic part of the pathway by 4 days;  Imaging and Reporting Capacity – Additional 24 MRI slots for 16 weeks (total of 384 slots). This additional MRI capacity would enable FT turnaround times within 2 weeks for all the Trust's cancer sites and would allow specific focus on prostate. Additional 300 CT Scans taken and reported across Humber Coast and Vale footprint o Inform various pathway workshops where the aim of the day was to: Understand and agree the “as is”; Capture what is already ongoing; Identify opportunities to share and collaborate; Identify additional actions/resources required and Agree future ways of working. o Ongoing access to CWT data is essential to support our understanding of patient volumes and achievement against the standards at a tumour site specific level so that we can plan and prioritise service development that will have the biggest impact.

Expected Benefits:

1) Benefits type: Supporting delivery of CWT standards
The Cancer Waiting Times standards are key operational standards for the NHS, which aim to reduce the waits for diagnosis and treatment for Cancer patients, which will support improvements to survival rates and improve patient experience. This includes the new 28 day faster diagnosis standard being introduced as a standard from April 2020.
A key enabler to achieve these standards, and thus improve survival and patient experience is the role of Cancer Alliances locally to work with providers and commissioners to improve patient pathways. Access to the Cancer Waiting Times data as detailed in the above will enable Cancer Alliances to have informed discussions and allocate resources optimally to improve performance against these standards. It will also enable Cancer Alliances to work with local providers and commissioners to identify outliers against the standards, and mitigate the risk of similar delays for other patients.

Improvement would be expected on an on-going basis with standards already in place for nine standards:-
• 2 week wait urgent GP referral – 93%
• 2 week wait breast symptomatic – 93%
• 31 day 1st treatment - 96%
• 31 day subsequent surgery – 94%
• 31 day subsequent drugs – 98%
• 31 day subsequent radiotherapy – 94%
• 62 day (GP) referral to 1st treatment – 85%
• 62 day (screening ) referral to 1st treatment – 90%
• 62 day upgrade to 1st treatment – locally agreed standard
In addition this access and use of data will be key in delivering the new 28 day faster diagnosis standard being introduced from 2020

2) Benefits type: Improvements beyond constitutional standards
This access and resulting analysis will enable Cancer Alliances to undertake local analysis beyond the Cancer Waiting times operational standards to support improvements to Cancer patients pathways beyond those already achieved by improving performance against standard set. This could include reviewing times between treatments, or treatment rates.

The overall aim of this type of additional analysis would be to support improvements to Cancer patients survival and experience. The Cancer Taskforce recommendation set out a number of ambitions to be met nationally and locally by 2020 including improving 1 year survival for Cancer to 75%, and improving the proportions of patients staged 1 or 2 to 62%. For both of these improvements to the diagnostic and treatment pathways are key, and require Cancer Alliances to be able to analyse the Cancer Waiting Times dataset to identify sub-optimum pathways and resulting improvements.


Outputs:

Outputs fall into the following categories:

1) Analysis to support delivery of Cancer Waiting Times standard and identify variation, including clinical discussions to improve patient pathways
a. Comparative Cancer Waiting Times performance at tumour group and individual tumour site (i.e. ICD10 code) level for Trusts and CCGs.
b. Analysis of Cancer Waiting Times performance by treatment modality to inform discussions
c. Grouping length of waits for standards to inform discussions on going beyond constitutional standards
d. Analysis of free text and derived breach reason fields to identify trends in reasons for delays.
e. To provide assurance through comparative analysis (e.g. orphan record identification, active monitoring proportions and validation of waiting list adjustments entered)
f. Analysis of flows of patients including analysis by provider trust site
g. Outlier identification including exceptionally long waits to inform individual queries to providers

2) Cancer Waits analysis (not directly linked to constitutional standards) for the aim of identifying variation which may impact Cancer patient’s outcomes or patient experience. Examples for use of the data may include reviewing waits between surgery and radiotherapy for Head and Neck cancer patients with a maximum recommended wait of 6 weeks and using the data source to validate surgical numbers by provider trust.

The overarching aim of all future analysis/outputs is to inform priorities and potential investment to improve Cancer pathways including reducing Cancer incidence and mortality, improving Cancer survival, improving patient experience, improving service efficiency and meeting national constitution standards relating to Cancer patients.


Processing:

Access to the Cancer Wait Times (CWT) System will enable Cancer Alliances to undertake a wide range of locally-determined and locally-specific analyses to support the Cancer Taskforce vision for improving services, care and outcomes for everyone with Cancer.

As East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group is acting as the lead organisation in a Cancer Alliance their access is via the same route as other Cancer Alliances i.e via the Cancer Wait Times (CWT) System. The team doing this processing within the CCG is separate from the commissioning team and would not have access to data provide via the DSCRO route. Additionally any separate agreement that the CCG has to access CWT may include other processors and purposes.

Only the lead organisation, NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group will directly access the Cancer Waiting Times system. Extracts can be downloaded and will be stored on the NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group server. Role Based Access Control prevents access to data downloads to employees outside of the analytical team responsible for producing outputs; the Humber, Coast and Vale cancer Alliance Core team.

The CWT system is hosted by NHS Digital, access to and usage of the system is fully auditable. Users must comply with the use of the data as specified in this agreement. The CWT system complies with the requirements of NHS Digital Code of Practice on Confidential Information, the Caldicott Principles and other relevant statutory requirements and guidance to protect confidentiality.

Access to the CWT system will be granted to individual users only when a valid Data Usage Certificate (DUC) form is submitted to NHS Digital via the lead organisation's Senior Information Risk Officer (SIRO), and where there is a valid Data Sharing Agreement between the lead organisation and NHS Digital.

Approved users will log into the system via an N3 connection and will use a Single Sign-On (users are prompted to create a unique username and password).

NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group users will access:

a) Aggregate reports (which may include unsuppressed small numbers)

b) Pseudonymised record level data - users can directly download this data from the CWT system

c) I-View Plus tool (aggregated - access to produce graphs, charts/tabulations from the data through the construction of queries). This will give users access to run bespoke analysis on pre-defined measures and dimensions. It delivers the same data that is available through the reports and record level downloads (i.e. it will not contain patient identifiable data).

Any record level data extracted from the system will not be processed outside of the NHS East Riding of Yorkshire Clinical Commissioning Group unless otherwise specified in this agreement. Following completion of the analysis the record level data will be securely destroyed.

Users are not permitted to upload data into the system.

Data will only be available for the Providers (Trust) and CCG's that are treating cancer patients where they have a commissioning responsibility for that patient (based on the CCG that this Cancer Alliance is aligned to).

The data will only be shared with other members of the Cancer Alliance in the format described in purpose 1 and purpose 2 of this agreement. The primary method for sharing outputs is via NHS email.
Aggregate data/ graphical outputs may be shared via e-mail; for example as part of Alliance meeting papers.

Where record level data is shared with individual trusts these are shared only with trust(s) who were involved in the direct care of the patient, only via NHS.net email accounts.

Data will only be shared as described in purpose one and purpose two of this agreement and where recipient organisations hold a valid Data Sharing Agreement with NHS Digital to access Cancer Waiting Times data.

Training on the CWT system is not required as it is a data delivery system and it does not provide functionality to conduct bespoke detailed analysis. User guides are available for further assistance.

Access to the CWT system data is restricted to Cancer Alliance employees who are substantively employed by the Data Controller in fulfilment of their public health function.

For clarity, any access by Telstra, Telecity and Calderdale and Huddersfield NHS Foundation Trust and to data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

The Cancer Alliances will use the data to produce a range of quantitative measures (counts, crude and standardised rates and ratios) that will form the basis for a range of statistical analyses of the fields contained in the supplied data.
Typical uses will include:
1) Analysis to support delivery of Cancer Waiting Times standard and identify variation, including clinical discussions to improve patient pathways
a. Comparative Cancer Waiting Times performance at tumour group and individual tumour site (i.e. ICD10 code) level for Trusts and CCGs.
b. Analysis of Cancer Waiting Times performance by treatment modality to inform discussions
c. Grouping length of waits for standards to inform discussions on going beyond constitutional standards
d. Analysis of free text and derived breach reason fields to identify trends in reasons for delays.
e. To provide assurance through comparative analysis (e.g. orphan record identification, active monitoring proportions and validation of waiting list adjustments entered)
f. Analysis of flows of patients including analysis by provider trust site
g. Outlier identification including exceptionally long waits to inform individual queries to providers

2) Cancer Waits analysis (not directly linked to constitutional standards) for the aim of identifying variation which may impact Cancer patient’s outcomes or patient experience. Examples for use of the data may include reviewing waits between surgery and radiotherapy for Head and Neck cancer patients with a maximum recommended wait of 6 weeks and using the data source to validate surgical numbers by provider trust.


DSfC - NHS Scarborough and Ryedale CCG: RS, IV & Comm. — DARS-NIC-90691-W4B6F

Opt outs honoured: N, Y, No - data flow is not identifiable, Yes - patient objections upheld, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant, Identifiable (Section 251, Section 251 NHS Act 2006, Mixture of confidential data flow(s) with support under section 251 NHS Act 2006 and non-confidential data flow(s))

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Section 251 approval is in place for the flow of identifiable data, National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'., Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(2)(b)(ii)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2019-03-01 — 2022-02-28 2018.06 — 2020.07.

Access method: Frequent adhoc flow, Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS NORTH YORKSHIRE CCG, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 42D

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  3. Children and Young People Health
  4. Community-Local Provider Flows
  5. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  6. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  7. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  8. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  9. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  10. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  11. Maternity Services Data Set
  12. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  13. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  14. Mental Health Services Data Set
  15. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  16. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  17. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  18. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  19. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  20. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  21. SUS for Commissioners
  22. Community Services Data Set
  23. Civil Registration - Births
  24. Civil Registration - Deaths
  25. National Diabetes Audit
  26. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  27. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  28. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5

Objectives:

Invoice Validation
Invoice validation is part of a process by which providers of care or services get paid for the work they do.
Invoices are submitted to the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) so they are able to ensure that the activity claimed for each patient is their responsibility. This is done by processing and analysing Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, which is received into a secure Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF). The SUS+ data is identifiable at the level of NHS number. The NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets and will not be used further.
The legal basis for this to occur is under Section 251 of NHS Act 2006.
Invoice Validation with be conducted by North of England CSU
The CCG are advised by North of England CSU whether payment for invoices can be made or not.

Risk Stratification
Risk stratification is a tool for identifying and predicting which patients are at high risk or are likely to be at high risk and prioritising the management of their care in order to prevent worse outcomes.
To conduct risk stratification Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, identifiable at the level of NHS number is linked with Primary Care data (from GPs) and an algorithm is applied to produce risk scores. Risk Stratification provides focus for future demands by enabling commissioners to prepare plans for patients. Commissioners can then prepare plans for patients who may require high levels of care. Risk Stratification also enables General Practitioners (GPs) to better target intervention in Primary Care.
The legal basis for this to occur is under Section 251 of NHS Act 2006 (CAG 7-04(a)).
Risk Stratification will be conducted by eMBED

Commissioning
To use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support the commissioning of health services. The data (containing both clinical and financial information) is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the CCG area.
The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers.
The following pseudonymised datasets are required to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services:
- Secondary Uses Service (SUS+)
- Local Provider Flows
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
- Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
- Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
- Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
- Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
- Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
- Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
The pseudonymised data is required to for the following purposes:
§ Population health management:
• Understanding the interdependency of care services
• Targeting care more effectively
• Using value as the redesign principle
§ Data Quality and Validation – allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
§ Thoroughly investigating the needs of the population, to ensure the right services are available for individuals when and where they need them
§ Understanding cohorts of residents who are at risk of becoming users of some of the more expensive services, to better understand and manage those needs
§ Monitoring population health and care interactions to understand where people may slip through the net, or where the provision of care may be being duplicated
§ Modelling activity across all data sets to understand how services interact with each other, and to understand how changes in one service may affect flows through another
§ Service redesign
§ Health Needs Assessment – identification of underlying disease prevalence within the local population
§ Patient stratification and predictive modelling - to identify specific patients at risk of requiring hospital admission and other avoidable factors such as risk of falls, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models

The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
Processing for commissioning will be conducted by North of England CSU, Scarborough and Ryedale CCG (Partnership Commissioning Unit) & eMBED

Yielded Benefits:

Expected Benefits:

Invoice Validation
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Commissioning and performance management
4. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
5. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care

Risk Stratification
Risk stratification promotes improved case management in primary care and will lead to the following benefits being realised:
1. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
2. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services thus allowing early intervention.
3. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
4. Supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework by allowing for more targeted intervention in primary care.
5. Better understanding of local population characteristics through analysis of their health and healthcare outcomes
All of the above lead to improved patient experience through more effective commissioning of services.

Commissioning
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Financial and Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.
7. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
8. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.
9. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
10. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.
11. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.
12. Better understanding of contract requirements, contract execution, and required services for management of existing contracts, and to assist with identification and planning of future contracts
13. Insights into patient outcomes, and identification of the possible efficacy of outcomes-based contracting opportunities.

Outputs:

Invoice Validation
1. Addressing poor data quality issues
2. Production of reports for business intelligence
3. Budget reporting
4. Validation of invoices for non-contracted events

Risk Stratification
1. As part of the risk stratification processing activity detailed above, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool which highlights patients for whom the GP is responsible and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
2. Output from the risk stratification tool will provide aggregate reporting of number and percentage of population found to be at risk.
3. Record level output will be available for commissioners (of the CCG), pseudonymised at patient level.
4. GP Practices will be able to view the risk scores for individual patients with the ability to display the underlying SUS+ data for the individual patients when it is required for direct care purposes by someone who has a legitimate relationship with the patient.
5. The CCG will be able to target specific patient groups and enable clinicians with the duty of care for the patient to offer appropriate interventions. The CCG will also be able to:
o Stratify populations based on: disease profiles; conditions currently being treated; current service use; pharmacy use and risk of future overall cost
o Plan work for commissioning services and contracts
o Set up capitated budgets
o Identify health determinants of risk of admission to hospital, or other adverse care outcomes.

Commissioning
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports include high flyers.
9. Comparators of CCG performance with similar CCGs as set out by a specific range of care quality and performance measures detailed activity and cost reports
10. Data Quality and Validation measures allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
11. Contract Management and Modelling
12. Patient Stratification, such as:
o Patients at highest risk of admission
o Most expensive patients (top 15%)
o Frail and elderly
o Patients that are currently in hospital
o Patients with most referrals to secondary care
o Patients with most emergency activity
o Patients with most expensive prescriptions
o Patients recently moving from one care setting to another
i. Discharged from hospital
ii. Discharged from community

Data Processor 3 –Scarborough and Ryedale CCG (Partnership Commissioning Unit)
The PCU produces a number of reports which provide a summary (aggregated with small numbers suppressed) which are shared back to the CCG, the following are a list of these:

IAPT Dataset

Mandated national contract KPIs:
Completion of IAPT Minimum Data Set outcome data
IAPT Access Times – 6 & 18 wk (finished treatment)

Local CCG and NHSE information and KPIs:
Number of Referrals
Number Entering Treatment
Monthly Prevalence rate
Number completing treatment
Number moving to recovery
Number not at caseness
Monthly Recovery rate
Reliable Improvement rate
IAPT Access Times – 6 & 18 wk (entering treatment)
Waiting times for treatment and those still waiting
Clearance times

Local CCG monitoring:
Appointments, cancellations and DNA rate analysis
Data Quality
Referral rates and activity by GP Practice and Age band


Mental Health Dataset

Mandated national contract KPIs :
Completion of valid NHS number field
Completion of Ethnic coding
Under 16 bed days on Adult wards (Never event)

Local CCG and NHSE information and KPIs:
Gatekeeping admissions
7 day follow-up hospital discharges
EIP access rates
Eating disorders

Local CCG monitoring:
Referral rates by GP Practice and Age band
CPA monitoring inc settled accommodation and employment
CPA reviews within 12 months, step up/down etc
Bed days, admissions and discharges
Delayed discharges
Detentions
LD/ MH/CAMHS ward stays
Bed locality (distance out of area)
Contacts and DNA rates
Cluster monitoring and red rules
Data quality

Processing:

Data must only be used as stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

The Data Controller and any Data Processor will only have access to records of patients of residence and registration within the CCG.

Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.
All access to data is managed under Roles-Based Access Controls
No patient level data will be linked other than as specifically detailed within this agreement. Data will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement. The data to be released from NHS Digital will not be national data, but only that data relating to the specific locality and that data required by the applicant.
NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)
The DSCRO (part of NHS Digital) will apply Type 2 objections before any identifiable data for the purpose of risk stratification leaves the DSCRO.
CCGs should work with general practices within their CCG to help them fulfil data controller responsibilities regarding flow of identifiable data into risk stratification tools.

Segregation
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from the DSCRO and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.

Invoice Validation

1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the North of England CSU.
3. The CSU carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible for payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or backing flow data.
b. Once the backing information is received, this will be checked against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG guidance. 
4. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between North of England CSU CEfF team and the provider meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.

Risk Stratification

On 20th July 2017, North of England CSU ceased to deliver risk stratification. eMBED is the sole Data Processor for Risk Stratification.
1. Identifiable SUS+ data is obtained from the SUS Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. Data quality management and standardisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the data identifiable at the level of NHS number is transferred securely to eMBED ,who hold the SUS+ data within the secure Data Centre on N3.
3. Identifiable GP Data is securely sent from the GP system to eMBED.
4. SUS+ data is linked to GP data in the risk stratification tool by the data processor.
5. As part of the risk stratification processing activity, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool within the data processor, which highlights patients with whom the GP has a legitimate relationship and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
6. Once eMBED has completed the processing, the CCG can access the online system via a secure connection to access the data pseudonymised at patient level.

Commissioning
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS+
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
a. Acute
b. Ambulance
c. Community
d. Demand for Service
e. Diagnostic Service
f. Emergency Care
g. Experience, Quality and Outcomes
h. Mental Health
i. Other Not Elsewhere Classified
j. Population Data
k. Primary Care Services
l. Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:

Data Processor 1 and 2 – North of England Commissioning Support Unit and eMBED Health Consortium
1. Pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS) and Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS) only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to North of England Commissioning Support Unit.
2. North of England Commissioning Support Unit then pass the processed, pseudonymised data to both eMBED Health Consortium and the CCG.
3. eMBED Health Consortium add derived fields, link data and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
4. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1.
5. eMBED Health Consortium then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the CCG.
6. The CCG analyse the data received from eMBED Health Consortium and North of England Commissioning Support Unit to see patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
7. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by North of England Commissioning Support Unit, eMBED Health Consortium or the CCG as instructed by the CCG.
8. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG and will only be shared within the CCG on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.
9. The CCG securely transfer Pseudonymised data back to the provider to:
a) confirm how patients are reported in SUS, and how the commissioner can reliably group these patients into categories for points of delivery;
b) allow for granular data validation whereby a commissioner may query the SUS record, and need to pass it back to the provider for checking; and
c) to allow the provider to undertake further analysis of a cohort of their patients as requested and specified by the commissioner.

The data transferred to the provider is only that which relates directly to the data previously uploaded by that particular provider.

Data Processor 3 –Scarborough and Ryedale CCG Partnership Commissioning Unit

1. North of England and Yorkshire Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) receives a flow of data identifiable at the level of NHS number for Mental Health (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health (CYPHS) for commissioning purposes and only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to North of England CSU
2. North of England CSU add derived fields, link data and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
3. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1.
4. North of England CSU then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the Partnership Commissioning Unit (PCU), hosted by Scarborough and Ryedale CCG.
5. The PCU utilises the data for monitoring for the CCGs supported by the PCU against their contracts and national standards. They also monitor the provider data against NHS England reports and NHS Digital data to be able to, challenge and areas of issue/mistake by using the data sets and monitor data quality. Analysis is provided on lower level practice reporting and monitoring, age profiling, early intervention reporting, and unify submission commissioner return, seven day follow ups and crisis gate keeping. There is no linkage with SUS data other what is stated above within the application which takes place to give a complete patient pathway analysis. Only substantive employees have access to the data.
6. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by North of England CSU or the CCG as instructed by the CCG.
7. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG and will only be shared within the CCG on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.


DSfC - NHS Hambleton, Richmondshire and Whitby CCG; RS, IV & Comm. — DARS-NIC-90670-W8H6P

Opt outs honoured: N, Y, No - data flow is not identifiable, Yes - patient objections upheld, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant, Identifiable (Does not include the flow of confidential data, Section 251, Mixture of confidential data flow(s) with support under section 251 NHS Act 2006 and non-confidential data flow(s))

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Section 251 approval is in place for the flow of identifiable data, National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'., Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(2)(b)(ii)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2019-03-30 — 2022-03-29 2018.06 — 2020.07.

Access method: Frequent adhoc flow, Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS NORTH YORKSHIRE CCG, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 42D

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  3. Children and Young People Health
  4. Community Services Data Set
  5. Community-Local Provider Flows
  6. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  7. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  8. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  9. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  10. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  11. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  12. Maternity Services Data Set
  13. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  14. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  15. Mental Health Services Data Set
  16. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  17. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  18. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  19. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  20. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  21. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  22. SUS for Commissioners
  23. Civil Registration - Births
  24. Civil Registration - Deaths
  25. National Diabetes Audit
  26. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  27. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  28. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5

Objectives:

Invoice Validation
Invoice validation is part of a process by which providers of care or services get paid for the work they do.
Invoices are submitted to the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) so they are able to ensure that the activity claimed for each patient is their responsibility. This is done by processing and analysing Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, which is received into a secure Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF). The SUS+ data is identifiable at the level of NHS number. The NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets and will not be used further.
The legal basis for this to occur is under Section 251 of NHS Act 2006.
Invoice Validation with be conducted by North of England Commissioning Support Unit (NECSU)
The CCG are advised by NECSU whether payment for invoices can be made or not.

Risk Stratification
Risk stratification is a tool for identifying and predicting which patients are at high risk or are likely to be at high risk and prioritising the management of their care in order to prevent worse outcomes.
To conduct risk stratification Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, identifiable at the level of NHS number is linked with Primary Care data (from GPs) and an algorithm is applied to produce risk scores. Risk Stratification provides focus for future demands by enabling commissioners to prepare plans for patients. Commissioners can then prepare plans for patients who may require high levels of care. Risk Stratification also enables General Practitioners (GPs) to better target intervention in Primary Care.
The legal basis for this to occur is under Section 251 of NHS Act 2006 (CAG 7-04(a)).
Risk Stratification will be conducted by eMBED Health Consortium.

Commissioning
To use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support the commissioning of health services. The data (containing both clinical and financial information) is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the CCG area.
The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers.
The following pseudonymised datasets are required to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services:
- Secondary Uses Service (SUS+)
- Local Provider Flows
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
- Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
- Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
- Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
- Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
- Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
- Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
- Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
- National Cancer Waiting Times Data Set (NCWT)
The pseudonymised data is required to for the following purposes:
§ Population health management:
• Understanding the interdependency of care services
• Targeting care more effectively
• Using value as the redesign principle
§ Data Quality and Validation – allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
§ Thoroughly investigating the needs of the population, to ensure the right services are available for individuals when and where they need them
§ Understanding cohorts of residents who are at risk of becoming users of some of the more expensive services, to better understand and manage those needs
§ Monitoring population health and care interactions to understand where people may slip through the net, or where the provision of care may be being duplicated
§ Modelling activity across all data sets to understand how services interact with each other, and to understand how changes in one service may affect flows through another
§ Service redesign
§ Health Needs Assessment – identification of underlying disease prevalence within the local population
§ Patient stratification and predictive modelling - to identify specific patients at risk of requiring hospital admission and other avoidable factors such as risk of falls, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models

The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.

Processing for commissioning will be conducted by eMBED Health Consortium and Scarborough and Ryedale CCG.

Yielded Benefits:

As above

Expected Benefits:

Invoice Validation
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Commissioning and performance management
4. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
5. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care

Risk Stratification
Risk stratification promotes improved case management in primary care and will lead to the following benefits being realised:
1. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
2. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services thus allowing early intervention.
3. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
4. Supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework by allowing for more targeted intervention in primary care.
5. Better understanding of local population characteristics through analysis of their health and healthcare outcomes
All of the above lead to improved patient experience through more effective commissioning of services.
Commissioning
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Financial and Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.
7. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
8. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.
9. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
10. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.
11. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.
12. Better understanding of contract requirements, contract execution, and required services for management of existing contracts, and to assist with identification and planning of future contracts
13. Insights into patient outcomes, and identification of the possible efficacy of outcomes-based contracting opportunities.

Outputs:

Invoice Validation
1. Addressing poor data quality issues
2. Production of reports for business intelligence
3. Budget reporting
4. Validation of invoices for non-contracted events

Risk Stratification
1. As part of the risk stratification processing activity detailed above, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool which highlights patients for whom the GP is responsible and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
2. Output from the risk stratification tool will provide aggregate reporting of number and percentage of population found to be at risk.
3. Record level output will be available for commissioners (of the CCG), pseudonymised at patient level.
4. GP Practices will be able to view the risk scores for individual patients with the ability to display the underlying SUS+ data for the individual patients when it is required for direct care purposes by someone who has a legitimate relationship with the patient.
5. The CCG will be able to target specific patient groups and enable clinicians with the duty of care for the patient to offer appropriate interventions. The CCG will also be able to:
o Stratify populations based on: disease profiles; conditions currently being treated; current service use; pharmacy use and risk of future overall cost
o Plan work for commissioning services and contracts
o Set up capitated budgets
o Identify health determinants of risk of admission to hospital, or other adverse care outcomes.

Commissioning
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports include high flyers.
9. Comparators of CCG performance with similar CCGs as set out by a specific range of care quality and performance measures detailed activity and cost reports
10. Data Quality and Validation measures allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
11. Contract Management and Modelling
12. Patient Stratification, such as:
o Patients at highest risk of admission
o Most expensive patients (top 15%)
o Frail and elderly
o Patients that are currently in hospital
o Patients with most referrals to secondary care
o Patients with most emergency activity
o Patients with most expensive prescriptions
o Patients recently moving from one care setting to another
i. Discharged from hospital
ii. Discharged from community

Processing:

Data must only be used as stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

The Data Controller and any Data Processor will only have access to records of patients of residence and registration within the CCG.

Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.
All access to data is managed under Roles-Based Access Controls
No patient level data will be linked other than as specifically detailed within this agreement. Data will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement. The data to be released from NHS Digital will not be national data, but only that data relating to the specific locality and that data required by the applicant.
NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)
The DSCRO (part of NHS Digital) will apply Type 2 objections before any identifiable data leaves the DSCRO.
CCGs should work with general practices within their CCG to help them fulfil data controller responsibilities regarding flow of identifiable data into risk stratification tools.

Segregation
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from the DSCRO and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.

Invoice Validation
Data Processor 1- North of England CSU

1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the CSU.
3. The CSU carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible for payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or backing flow data.
b. Once the backing information is received, this will be checked against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG guidance. 
4. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between XXXX CEfF team and the provider meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.

Risk Stratification
1. Identifiable SUS+ data is obtained from the SUS Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. Data quality management and standardisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the data identifiable at the level of NHS number is transferred securely to eMBED, who hold the SUS+ data within the secure Data Centre on N3.
3. Identifiable GP Data is securely sent from the GP system to eMBED.
4. SUS+ data is linked to GP data in the risk stratification tool by the data processor.
5. As part of the risk stratification processing activity, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool within the data processor, which highlights patients with whom the GP has a legitimate relationship and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
6. Once eMBED has completed the processing, the CCG can access the online system via a secure connection to access the data pseudonymised at patient level.

Commissioning
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS+
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
a. Acute
b. Ambulance
c. Community
d. Demand for Service
e. Diagnostic Service
f. Emergency Care
g. Experience, Quality and Outcomes
h. Mental Health
i. Other Not Elsewhere Classified
j. Population Data
k. Primary Care Services
l. Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
10. Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
11. National Cancer Waiting Times Data Set (NCWT)

Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:

Data Processor 1 and 2 – North of England Commissioning Support Unit and eMBED Health Consortium
1. Pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS) Community Services Data Set (CSDS) National Cancer Waiting Times Data Set (NCWT) and Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS) only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to North of England Commissioning Support Unit.
2. Data quality management and pseudonymisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the pseudonymised data is then passed securely to North of England CSU for the addition of derived fields and analysis to
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
3. North of England CSU then pass the processed, pseudonymised data to both eMBED and the CCG.
4. eMBED receives the Pseudonymised data for the addition of derived fields, linkage of data sets and analysis. Linked data is limited to the following to give a rich and broad clinical journey allowing improved care planning, patient care and commissioning:
4. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1.
5. eMBED Health Consortium then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the CCG.
6. The CCG analyse the data received from eMBED Health Consortium and North of England Commissioning Support Unit to see patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
7. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by North of England Commissioning Support Unit, eMBED Health Consortium or the CCG as instructed by the CCG.
8. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG and will only be shared within the CCG on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.
9. The CCG securely transfer Pseudonymised data back to the provider to:
a) confirm how patients are reported in SUS, and how the commissioner can reliably group these patients into categories for points of delivery;
b) allow for granular data validation whereby a commissioner may query the SUS record, and need to pass it back to the provider for checking; and
c) to allow the provider to undertake further analysis of a cohort of their patients as requested and specified by the commissioner.

Data Processor 3 –Scarborough and Ryedale CCG (Partnership Commissioning Unit)
1. North of England and Yorkshire Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) receives a flow of data identifiable at the level of NHS number for Mental Health (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health (CYPHS) Community Services Data Set (CSDS) National Cancer Waiting Times Data Set (NCWT) for commissioning purposes.
2. Data quality management and pseudonymisation of data is completed by DSCRO and the pseudonymised data is then passed securely to North of England CSU for the addition of derived fields, linkage of data sets and analysis.
3. North of England CSU then passes the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the Partnership Commissioning Unit (PCU), hosted by Scarborough and Ryedale CCG.
4. The PCU utilises the data for monitoring for the CCGs supported by the PCU against their contracts and national standards. They also monitor the provider data against NHS England reports and NHS Digital data to be able to, challenge and areas of issue/mistake by using the data sets and monitor data quality.
Analysis is provided on lower level practice reporting and monitoring, age profiling, early intervention reporting, and unify submission commissioner return, seven day follow ups and crisis gate keeping.
There is no linkage with SUS data other what is stated above within the application which takes place to give a complete patient pathway analysis. Only substantive employees have access to the data.
5. Aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared with the CCG from the PCU.


DSfC - NHS Harrogate and Rural Districts CCG IV RS Comm — DARS-NIC-90665-Z9L7G

Opt outs honoured: No - data flow is not identifiable, Yes - patient objections upheld, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant, Identifiable (Section 251, Mixture of confidential data flow(s) with support under section 251 NHS Act 2006 and non-confidential data flow(s))

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(2)(b)(ii)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2019-03-23 — 2022-03-22 2018.06 — 2020.07.

Access method: Frequent adhoc flow, Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS NORTH YORKSHIRE CCG, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 42D

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  2. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  3. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  4. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  5. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  6. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  7. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  8. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  9. Children and Young People Health
  10. Community Services Data Set
  11. Community-Local Provider Flows
  12. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  13. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  14. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  15. Maternity Services Data Set
  16. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  17. Mental Health Services Data Set
  18. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  19. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  20. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  21. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  22. SUS for Commissioners
  23. Civil Registration - Births
  24. Civil Registration - Deaths
  25. National Diabetes Audit
  26. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  27. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  28. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5

Objectives:


This is a new application for the following purposes:
Invoice Validation
As an approved Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF), North of England CSU receives SUS data identifiable at the level of NHS number according to S.251 CAG 7-07(a) and (c)/2013, to undertake invoice validation on behalf of the CCG. NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets and will not be shared outside of the CEfF. The CCG are advised by the CSU whether payment for invoices can be made or not.

Risk Stratification
To use SUS data identifiable at the level of NHS number according to S.251 CAG 7-04(a)/2013 (and Primary Care Data) for the purpose of Risk Stratification. Risk Stratification provides a forecast of future demand by identifying high risk patients. This enables commissioners to initiate proactive management plans for patients that are potentially high service users. Risk Stratification enables GPs to better target intervention in Primary Care.

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – SUS and Local Flows
To use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services. The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers.

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – Mental Health, Maternity, IAPT, CYPHS and DIDS
To use pseudonymised data for the following datasets to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services :
- Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
- Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
- Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
- Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
- Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
- Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.

No record level data will be linked other than as specifically detailed within this application/agreement. Data will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement. The data to be released from NHS Digital will not be national data, but only that data relating to the specific locality of interest of the applicant.

Yielded Benefits:

Expected Benefits:


Invoice Validation
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Commissioning and performance management
4. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
5. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care

Risk Stratification
Risk stratification promotes improved case management in primary care and will lead to the following benefits being realised:
1. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
2. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.
3. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
4. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.
5. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.
All of the above lead to improved patient experience through more effective commissioning of services.

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – SUS and Local Flows
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows.
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.
j. Service Transformation Projects (STP)

6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – Mental Health, Maternity, IAPT, CYPHS and DIDS
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, Integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.

Outputs:


Invoice Validation
1. Addressing poor data quality issues
2. Production of reports for business intelligence
3. Budget reporting
4. Validation of invoices for non-contracted events

Risk Stratification
1. As part of the risk stratification processing activity detailed above, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool which highlights patients for whom the GP is responsible and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
2. Output from the risk stratification tool will provide aggregate reporting of number and percentage of population found to be at risk.
3. Record level output will be available for commissioners pseudonymised aggregate with small number suppression.
4. GP Practices will be able to view the risk scores for individual patients with the ability to display the underlying SUS data for the individual patients when it is required for direct care purposes by someone who has a legitimate relationship with the patient.

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – SUS and Local Flows
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals POD.
e. Planned care by POD view – activity, finance plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports include frequent flyers.
9. Mortality
10. Quality
11. Service utilisation reporting
12. Patient safety indicators
13. Production of reports and dash boards to support service redesign and pathway changes

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – Mental Health, Maternity, IAPT, CYPHS and DIDS
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports include frequent flyers.

Scarborough and Ryedale CCG (Partnership Commissioning Unit)
The PCU produces a number of reports which provide a summary (aggregated with small numbers suppressed) which are shared back to the CCG, the following are a list of these:
IAPT Dataset

Mandated national contract KPIs:
Completion of IAPT Minimum Data Set outcome data
IAPT Access Times – 6 & 18 wk (finished treatment)

Local CCG and NHSE information and KPIs:
Number of Referrals
Number Entering Treatment
Monthly Prevalence rate
Number completing treatment
Number moving to recovery
Number not at caseness
Monthly Recovery rate
Reliable Improvement rate
IAPT Access Times – 6 & 18 wk (entering treatment)
Waiting times for treatment and those still waiting
Clearance times

Local CCG monitoring:
Appointments, cancellations and DNA rate analysis
Data Quality
Referral rates and activity by GP Practice and Age band


Mental Health Dataset

Mandated national contract KPIs :
Completion of valid NHS number field
Completion of Ethnic coding
Under 16 bed days on Adult wards (Never event)

Local CCG and NHSE information and KPIs:
Gatekeeping admissions
7 day follow-up hospital discharges
EIP access rates
Eating disorders
Local CCG monitoring:
Referral rates by GP Practice and Age band
CPA monitoring inc settled accommodation and employment
CPA reviews within 12 months, step up/down etc
Bed days, admissions and discharges
Delayed discharges
Detentions
LD/ MH/CAMHS ward stays
Bed locality (distance out of area)
Contacts and DNA rates
Cluster monitoring and red rules
Data quality

Processing:


The DSCRO (part of NHS Digital) will apply Type 2 objections before any identifiable data leaves the DSCRO.
The CCG and any Data Processor will only have access to records of its own CCG. Access is limited to those administrative staff with authorised user accounts used for identification and authentication.
Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

Invoice Validation

SUS Data is obtained from the SUS Repository to DSCRO.
1. DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the North of England CSU.
2. The CSU carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes: Data will only be processed by substantive employees of the data controller and processors
3.
a. Checking the individual is registered to a particular Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) and associated with an invoice from the SUS data flow to validate the corresponding record in the backing data flow
b. Once the backing information is received, this will be checked against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG guidance. 
4. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between the CSU CEfF team and the provider meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.

Risk Stratification
eMBED
1. Identifiable SUS data is obtained from the SUS Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. Data quality management and standardisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the data identifiable at the level of NHS number is transferred securely to eMBED, who hold the SUS data within eMBED secure storage.
3. Identifiable GP Data is securely sent from the GP system to eMBED.
4. SUS data is linked to GP data in the risk stratification tool by the data processor.
5. As part of the risk stratification processing activity, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool within the data processor, which highlights patients with whom the GP has a legitimate relationship and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier derived from SUS available to GPs is the NHS number of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients is derived from the GP data sourced from their own systems. Data will only be processed by substantive employees of the data controller and processors
5. eMBED who hosts the risk stratification system that holds SUS data is limited to those administrative staff with authorised user accounts used for identification and authentication.
6. Once eMBED has completed the processing, the CCG can access the online system via a secure network connection to access the data pseudonymised aggregated with small numbers suppressed

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – SUS and Local Flows
eMBED
1. Yorkshire Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office / North England Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains a flow of SUS identifiable data for the CCG from the SUS Repository. Yorkshire / North of England DSCRO also obtains identifiable local provider data for the CCG directly from Providers.
2. Data quality management and pseudonymisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the pseudonymised data is then passed securely to North of England CSU for the addition of derived fields and analysis.
3. North of England CSU then pass the processed, pseudonymised data to both eMBED and the CCG. Data will only be processed by substantive employees of the data controller and processors
4. eMBED receives the Pseudonymised data for the addition of derived fields, linkage of data sets and analysis. Linked data is limited to the following to give a rich and broad clinical journey allowing improved care planning, patient care and commissioning:

- SUS data and Local Provider data at pseudonymised level
- Mental Health (MHSDS, MHLDDS, MHMDS) with SUS
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) with SUS
- Diagnostic Imaging Dataset (DIDs) with SUS
- Maternity (MSDS) with SUS
- Children and Young People’s Health Services (CYPHS) with Local provider data
- Mental Health (MHSDS, MHLDDS, MHMDS) with Local provider data
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) with Local provider data
- Diagnostic Imaging Dataset (DIDs) with Local provider data
- Maternity (MSDS) with Local provider data
- Children and Young People’s Health Services (CYPHS) with Local provider data

5. eMBED securely transfer pseudonymised outputs for management use by the CCG.
6. The CCG receive Pseudonymised data from both North of England CSU and eMBED. The CCG then analyse the data to see patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
7. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by the North of England CSU, eMBED or the CCG as instructed by the CCG.
8. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG and will only be shared within the CCG on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression in line with the HES analysis guide can be shared.
9. The CCG securely transfer Pseudonymised data back to the provider to:
a) confirm how patients are reported in SUS, and how the commissioner can reliably group these patients into categories for points of delivery;
b) allow for granular data validation whereby a commissioner may query the SUS record, and need to pass it back to the provider for checking; and
c) to allow the provider to undertake further analysis of a cohort of their patients as requested and specified by the commissioner.

The data transferred to the provider is only that which relates directly to the data previously uploaded by that particular provider.

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – Mental Health, MSDS, IAPT, CYPHS and DIDS
1. North of England Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) and Yorkshire Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtain a flow of data identifiable at the level of NHS number for Mental Health (MHSDS, MHMDS, and MHLDDS), Maternity (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health (CYPHS) and Diagnostic Imaging (DIDS) for commissioning purposes.
2. Data quality management, minimisation and pseudonymisation of data is completed by North of England and DSCRO and the pseudonymised data is then passed securely to North of England CSU. Data will only be processed by substantive employees of the data controller and processors
3. North of England CSU then securely transfer the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to eMBED.
4. eMBED receives the data from North of England CSU and carries out further data processing, addition of derived fields, linkage to other data sets and analysis. Linked data would include the following to give a rich and broad clinical journey allowing improved care planning, patient care and commissioning:
- Mental Health (MHSDS, MHLDDS, MHMDS) with IAPT
- Mental Health (MHSDS, MHLDDS, MHMDS) with SUS
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) with SUS
- Diagnostic Imaging Dataset (DIDs) with SUS
- Maternity (MSDS) with SUS
- Children and Young People’s Health Services (CYPHS) with SUS
5. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use is completed by eMBED or the CCG as instructed by the CCG.
6. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG and will only be shared within the CCG on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression in line with the HES analysis guide can be shared.

Commissioning (Pseudonymised) – Mental Health, MSDS, IAPT, CYPHS and DIDS
Scarborough and Ryedale CCG (Partnership Commissioning Unit)
1. North of England and Yorkshire Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) receives a flow of data identifiable at the level of NHS number for Mental Health (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health (CYPHS) for commissioning purposes.
2. Data quality management and pseudonymisation of data is completed by DSCRO and the pseudonymised data is then passed securely to North of England CSU for the addition of derived fields, linkage of data sets and analysis. Data will only be processed by substantive employees of the data controller and processors
3. North of England CSU then passes the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the Partnership Commissioning Unit (PCU), hosted by Scarborough and Ryedale CCG.
4. The PCU utilises the data for monitoring for the CCGs supported by the PCU against their contracts and national standards. They also monitor the provider data against NHS England reports and NHS Digital data to be able to, challenge and areas of issue/mistake by using the data sets and monitor data quality.
Analysis is provided on lower level practice reporting and monitoring, age profiling, early intervention reporting, and unify submission commissioner return, seven day follow ups and crisis gate keeping.
There is no linkage with SUS data other what is stated above within the application which takes place to give a complete patient pathway analysis. Only substantive employees have access to the data.
5. Aggregated reports only with small number suppression in line with the HES analysis guide are shared with the CCG from the PCU.


DSfC - NHS Hambleton, Richmondshire and Whitby CCG - Comm — DARS-NIC-134558-G9L9K

Opt outs honoured: No - data flow is not identifiable, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Section 251, Does not include the flow of confidential data)

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(2)(b)(ii)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2018-12-14 — 2021-12-13 2018.06 — 2020.07.

Access method: Frequent adhoc flow, Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS NORTH YORKSHIRE CCG, NHS HUMBER AND NORTH YORKSHIRE ICB - 42D

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  3. Children and Young People Health
  4. Community-Local Provider Flows
  5. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  6. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  7. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  8. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  9. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  10. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  11. Maternity Services Data Set
  12. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  13. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  14. Mental Health Services Data Set
  15. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  16. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  17. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  18. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  19. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  20. SUS for Commissioners
  21. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  22. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  23. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5

Objectives:

To use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services. The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers.
The following pseudonymised datasets are required to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services:
- Secondary Uses Service (SUS)
- Local Provider Flows
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
- Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
- Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
- Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
- Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
- Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
- Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
Processing for commissioning will be conducted by North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU)

In addition, North of England Commissioning Support Unit also receive pseudonymised GP data, Social Care data and Consented Data. This is pseudonymised either at source or within North of England Commissioning Support Unit. This pseudonymisation tool is different to that held within the DSCRO. Also, each data source will use a variation of this tool so there is no linkage between these data until a common pseudonym has been applied via the DSCRO.

Yielded Benefits:

Expected Benefits:

1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
d. Pooled health and social care budget reporting
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types and patient groups
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes and social care.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.
7. New commissioning and service delivery models delivered via joint health and social care teams reducing duplication
8. Reduction in variation of outcomes and quality of care through increased understanding of primary and secondary care interaction. E.g. if cancer treatment outcomes are poor in one area does the GP data indicate a delayed referral?
9. A complete understanding of service utilisation to aid capacity/demand planning across health and social care
10. Early warning of likely pressures in the wider health and system following increased activity in primary and social care giving other providers a chance to plan and react

Outputs:

Commissioning
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports include high flyers.
9. All of the above segmented in to population groups
10. Analysis across health and social care by patient (outputs aggregated) providing a greater understand of service interdependencies and opportunities for a single service delivery model where overlap may exist currently
11. Variation reporting between primary and secondary care (e.g. where one care setting suggests the patient has a condition but the other does not potentially leading to inappropriate treatment)
12. Delayed transfers of care analysis

Processing:

Data must only be used as stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

The Data Controller and any Data Processor will only have access to records of patients of residence and registration within the CCG. Access is limited to those substantive employees with authorised user accounts used for identification and authentication.

Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

No record level data will be linked other than as specifically detailed within this application/agreement. Data will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement. The data to be released from NHS Digital will not be national data, but only that data relating to the specific locality of interest of the applicant.
Commissioning
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:
Data Processor 1 – North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU)
1. Data quality management and pseudonymisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the pseudonymised data (Flow 1, 2 and 3) is then held until completion of points 2 – 7.
2. North of England CSU also receive GP Data. It is received as follows:
a. Identifiable GP data is submitted to the CSU.
b. The data lands in a ring fenced area for GP data only.
c. There is a Data Processing Agreement in place between the GP and the CSU. A specific named individual within the CSU acts on behalf on the GP. This person has been issued with a black box.
d. The individual requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be used once. The key is specific to that GP and the pseudonymisation request. The individual does not have access to the data once it has been passed on to the CSU.
e. The GP data is then pseudonymised using the black box and DSCRO issued key – the clear data is then deleted from the ring fenced area.
f. The CSU are then sent the identifiable GP data with the pseudo key specific to them.
3. North of England CSU also receive a pseudonymised flow of social care data. Social Care data is received as follows:
a. The social care organisation is issued with their own black box solution.
b. The social care organisation requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be used once. The key is specific to that organisation and the pseudonymisation request.
c. The social care organisation submit the pseudonymised social care data to the CSU with the pseudo algorithm specific to them.
4. Once the pseudonymised GP data and social care data is received, the CSU make a request to the DSCRO.
5. The DSCRO then send a mapping table to the CSU
6. The CSU then overwrite the organisation specific keys with the DSCRO key.
7. The mapping table is then deleted.
8. The DSCRO then pass the pseudonymised SUS, local provider data, Mental Health (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health (CYPHS) and Diagnostic Imaging (DIDS) securely to North of England CSU for the addition of derived fields, linkage of data sets and analysis.
9. Social care and GP data is then linked to the data sets listed within point 9 in the CSU utilising algorithms and analysis
10. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by the CSU as instructed by the CCG.
11. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the Data Processor/Controller and will only be shared within the Data Processors on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared