NHS Digital Data Release Register - reformatted

NHS Lincolnshire CCG projects

392 data files in total were disseminated unsafely (information about files used safely is missing for TRE/"system access" projects).


🚩 NHS Lincolnshire CCG was sent multiple files from the same dataset, in the same month, both with optouts respected and with optouts ignored. NHS Lincolnshire CCG may not have compared the two files, but the identifiers are consistent between datasets, and outside of a good TRE NHS Digital can not know what recipients actually do.

DSfC - Lincolnshire CCG and Lincolnshire County Council - Comm — DARS-NIC-454217-D9J5X

Opt outs honoured: Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Does not include the flow of confidential data)

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 - s261 - 'Other dissemination of information'

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2021-05-01 — 2024-04-30

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: LINCOLNSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE CCG, LINCOLNSHIRE COUNTY COUNCIL, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE ICB - 71E

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  3. Children and Young People Health
  4. Civil Registration - Births
  5. Civil Registration - Deaths
  6. Community Services Data Set
  7. Community-Local Provider Flows
  8. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  9. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  10. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  11. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  12. e-Referral Service for Commissioning
  13. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  14. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  15. Maternity Services Data Set
  16. Medicines dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA data)
  17. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  18. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  19. Mental Health Services Data Set
  20. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  21. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  22. National Diabetes Audit
  23. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  24. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  25. Personal Demographic Service
  26. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  27. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  28. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  29. Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator
  30. SUS for Commissioners
  31. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5
  32. Adult Social Care

Yielded Benefits:

The CCG has realised the measurable benefits for the data collection and the provided data has enabled services to be delivered to match the population requirements whilst planning for future needs. Listed below is a number of further yielded benefits for commissioning; 1. Monitoring In year projects 2. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients 3. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG. 4. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics. 5. Insights into patient outcomes, and identification of the possible efficacy of outcomes-based contracting opportunities. The CCG will look to build on the yielded benefits of commissioning services that meet the needs of their local population, and that are effective in their delivery. The CCG will use intelligence to add insight to strategic commissioning and service integration across the CCG Area. This work will continue year on year to match the delivery/funding of targets services for the population within the CCG Area. Benefits to date are in line with what the CCG expected to achieve at the point in time as described in the previous application. The continued access to this data will enable the CCG to further understand and improve service performance and delivery, including patient pathway design, re-design and patient experience.

Expected Benefits:

COMMISSIONING
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Financial and Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.
7. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
8. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.
9. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
10. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.
11. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.
12. Better understanding of contract requirements, contract execution, and required services for management of existing contracts, and to assist with identification and planning of future contracts
13. Insights into patient outcomes, and identification of the possible efficacy of outcomes-based contracting opportunities.
14. Providing greater understanding of the underlying courses and look to commission improved supportive networks, this would be ongoing work which would be continually assessed.
15. Insight to understand the numerous factors that play a role in the outcome for both datasets. The linkage will allow the reporting both prior to, during and after the activity, to provide greater assurance on predictive outcomes and delivery of best practice.
16. Provision of indicators of health problems, and patterns of risk within the commissioning region.
17. Support of benchmarking for evaluating progress in future years.
18. Allow reporting to drive changes and improve the quality of commissioned services and health outcomes for people.
19. Assists commissioners to make better decisions to support patients and drive changes in health care
20. Allows comparisons of providers performance to assist improvement in services – increase the quality
21. Allow analysis of health care provision to be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
22. To evaluate the impact of new services and innovations (e.g. if commissioners implement a new service or type of procedure with a provider, they can evaluate whether it improves outcomes for patients compared to the previous one).
23. Monitoring of entire population, as a pose to only those that engage with services
24. Enable Commissioners to be able to see early indications of potential practice resilience issues in that an early warning marker can often be a trend of patients re-registering themselves at a neighbouring practice.
25. Monitor the quality and safety of the delivery of healthcare services.
26. Allow focused commissioning support based on factual data rather than assumed and projected sources
27. Understand admissions linked to overprescribing.
28. Add value to the population health management workstream by adding prescribing data into linked dataset for segmentation and stratification.

Working collaboratively, to optimise population health, reduce health inequalities, manage service demand and make the best use of collective resources by planning appropriate, effective and efficient service provision, intervention and prevention and making evidence-informed joint commissioning decisions to meet the needs of the Long Term Plan and statutory duties upon the partners organisations, including the Director of Public Health.
The analytical work will allow understanding of population needs and outcomes, equity of provision, inequalities of outcome, and impacts of wider determinants of health which can be quantified and addressed through appropriate models of service provision and work with partners. It will enable evaluation of service, treatment and intervention effectiveness and efficiency for populations and cohorts of interest across entire pathways of care, multiple providers and journey through health and ill-health.

Outputs:

COMMISSIONING
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports.
9. Comparators of CCG performance with similar CCGs as set out by a specific range of care quality and performance measures detailed activity and cost reports
10. Data Quality and Validation measures allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
11. Contract Management and Modelling
12. Patient Stratification, such as:
o Patients at highest risk of admission
o High cost activity uses (top 15%)
o Frail and elderly
o Patients that are currently in hospital
o Patients with most referrals to secondary care
o Patients with most emergency activity
o Patients with most expensive prescriptions
o Patients recently moving from one care setting to another
i. Discharged from hospital
ii. Discharged from community
13. Validation for payment approval, ability to validate that claims are not being made after an individual has died, like Oxygen services.
14. Validation of programs implemented to improve patient pathway e.g. High users unable to validate if the process to help patients find the best support are working or did the patient die.
15. Clinical - understand reasons why patients are dying, what additional support services can be put in to support.
16. Understanding where patient are dying e.g. are patients dying at hospitals due to hospices closing due to Local authorities withdrawing support, or is there a problem at a particular trust.
17. Removal of patients from Risk Stratification reports.
18. Re births provide a one stop shop of information, Births are recorded in multiple sources covering hospital and home births, a chance to overlook activity.
19. Manage demand, by understanding the quantity of assessments required CCGs are able to improve the care service for patients by predicting the impact on certain care pathways and ensure the secondary care system has enough capacity to manage the demand.
20. Monitor the timing of key actions relating to referral letters. CCG’s are unable to see the contents of the referral letters.
21. Identify low priority procedures which could be directed to community-based alternatives and as such commission these services and deflect referrals for low priority procedures resulting in a reduction in hospital referrals.
22. Allow Commissioners to better protect or improve the public health of the total local patient population
23. Allow Commissioners to plan, evaluate and monitor health and social care policies, services, or interventions for the total local patient population
24. Allow Commissioners to compare their providers (trusts) mortality outcomes to the national baseline.
25. Investigate mortality outcomes for trusts.
26. Identify medication prescribing trends and their effectiveness.
27. Linking prescribing habits to entry points into the health and social care system
28. Identify, quantify and understand cohorts of patient’s high numbers of different medications (polypharmacy)

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement. Data released will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

ONWARD SHARING:
There is no requirement for the analytical teams to re-identify patients, but in the cases of the development of risk stratification or other similar primary use tools, the data controllers may need the facility to provide identifiable results back to direct healthcare professionals or local authority direct care staff only for the purpose of direct care. All re-id requests will be processed and authorised by the DSCRO on a case by case basis. National data opt outs are not applied in these cases as they are for the purposes of direct care which follows the legal basis of implied consent.

An example of a request for the re-id of patients for direct care may be;

A&E High Attendance usage
Practices can filter data to show for example the number of A&E attendances in a given period for each patient. The Practice would then look into these patients to review their care and try and reduce A&E attendances and/or sign post the patients to community services/MH Services. An outcome of this is earlier intervention in the patient(s) care thus potentially reducing future costs and minimising future risk.

Risk Stratification-type re-IDs
Practices can re-ID a list of patients with a high number of medications (ingredient count) and review the medication for these patients. This can help address the risk of polypharmacy which is recognised as an adverse risk factor for patient safety. A by-product of such reviews may be to reduce costs of medication.

The Re-identification process for direct care is as follows:
1. Health or care professional identifies patient cohort (typically small numbers) to be re-identified for the purpose of direct care
2. An authorised clinician sends a re-id request to the DSCRO. This maybe done through the CCG or CSU’s Business Intelligence (BI) Tool, or through a manual form.
3. The DSCRO (either through an automated system or manual checking in line with the request) assesses as to whether the request passes the specified re-identification process checks. Checks include if the requester is authorised to access identifiable data, if the number of patients in the cohort is appropriate, and that the request does not seem inappropriate or outside of expected parameters, including for example around timings and the requestor’s relationship with patients in the data
4. If successful/approved, the DSCRO re-identifies the relevant data item(s) for the appropriate patients and returns the identifiable fields.
5. DSCROs retain an audit trail of all re-id requests
6. National Data opt outs are not applied for the purpose of direct care

Aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared externally as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.


SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold identifiable data with opt outs applied and identifiable data with opt outs not applied, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Commissioning:
• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the NHS Lincolnshire CCG or Lincolnshire County Council region (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner).
and/or
• Patients treated by a provider where NHS Lincolnshire CCG is the host/co-ordinating commissioner and/or has the primary responsibility for the provider services in the local health economy – this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.
and/or
• Activity identified by the provider and recorded as such within national systems (such as SUS+) as for the attention of NHS Lincolnshire CCG - this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.

NHS Midlands and Lancashire Commissioning Support Unit, Greater Manchester Shared Services (hosted by Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust), Serco Limited and Sungard Availability Services Ltd supply IT infrastructure and are therefore listed as data processors. They supply support to the system but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

Ilkeston Community Hospital (Part of Derbyshire Community Health Services NHS Foundation Trust) and Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh NHS Foundation Trust do not access data held under this agreement as they only supply the building. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

Microsoft Limited provide Cloud Services for Arden and GEM Commissioning Support Unit and are therefore listed as a data processor. They supply support to the system but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

Microsoft Limited and Amazon Web Services provide cloud services for Optum Health Solutions (UK) Limited and are therefore listed as processors. They supply support to the system but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

In addition to the dissemination of Cancer Waiting Times Data via the DSCRO, the CCG is able to access reports held within the CWT system in NHS Digital directly. Access within the CCG is limited to those with a need to process the data for the purposes described in this agreement.

A CCG user will be able to access the provider extracts from the portal for any provider where at least 1 patient for whom they are the registered CCG for that individuals GP practice appears in that setting

Although a CCG user may have access to pseudonymised patient information not related to that CCG, users should only process and analyse data for which they have a legitimate relationship (as described within Data Minimisation).

COMMISSIONING
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS+
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
a. Acute
b. Ambulance
c. Community
d. Demand for Service
e. Diagnostic Service
f. Emergency Care
g. Experience, Quality and Outcomes
h. Mental Health
i. Other Not Elsewhere Classified
j. Population Data
k. Primary Care Services
l. Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
10. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
11. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)
12. Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births)
13. Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Deaths)
14. National Diabetes Audit (NDA)
15. Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)
16. e-Referral Service (eRS)
17. Personal Demographics Service (PDS)
18. Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI)
19. Medicines Dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA Data)

Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:
Data Processor 1 – NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit
1. Pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS), Community Services Data Set (CSDS), Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS), National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT), Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births and Deaths), National Diabetes Audit (NDA) and Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs),e-Referral Service (eRS), Personal Demographics Service (PDS), Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI) and Medicines Dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA Data) only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit once points 2 to 6 below are completed.
2. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit also receives GP data directly from the provider. It is received as follows:
a. Identifiable GP data is submitted to NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
b. The data lands in a ring-fenced area for GP data only.
c. A specific named individual within NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit acts on behalf of the GP practice. This person has access to a closed black box type system (which includes a pseudonymisation process).
d. The individual requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to use with the black box system. There will be a separate key specific to the pseudonymisation request and the key will only be used for that specific project. The key is specific to the pseudonymisation request. The access controls around the individual’s role does not give them access to the data once it has been passed on to the NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
e. The GP data is then pseudonymised using the black box and DSCRO issued key. The identifiable GP data is then deleted from the ring-fenced area.
f. The data moves to point 3.
3. Pseudonymised GP data is held. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit make a request to NHS Digital (DSCRO).
4. The DSCRO send a mapping table to NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
5. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit overwrite the organisations specific pseudonymisation keys with the DSCRO provided keys.
6. The mapping table is then deleted.
7. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit receive the data listed within point 1 and add derived fields.
8. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit, link the data listed in step 7 to the GP Data and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
9. Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the Data Controllers (The Local Authority will receive their copy via the CCG).
10. Aggregation of required data for management use will be completed by Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit
11. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the data controllers, other than with their member GP Practices for each Practice own patients only, and will only be shared within the data controllers on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.
12. GP Practices may only re-identify data when they need to do so for direct care purposes.

Data Processor 2 – Optum Health Solutions UK Ltd
1. Pseudonymised SUS+ Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS), Community Services Data Set (CSDS), Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS), National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT), Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births and Deaths), National Diabetes Audit (NDA) and Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs), e-Referral Service (eRS), Personal Demographics Service (PDS), Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI) and Medicines Dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA Data) , only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
2. Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit add derived fields and then pass the data securely to Optum Health Solutions UK Ltd
3. Optum Health Solutions UK Ltd also receive pseudonymised GP data from Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit (processed as per points 2 to 6 under Data Processor 1)
4. Optum Health Solutions UK Ltd will link the data (from points 1., 2. and 3. above) and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
5. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1.
6. Optum Health Solutions UK Ltd then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the data controllers
7. Aggregation of required data will be completed by Optum Health Solutions UK Ltd or the data controllers
8. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the data controllers, other than with their member GP Practices for each Practice own patients only, and will only be shared within the data controllers on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.
9. GP Practices may only re-identify data when they need to do so for direct care purposes.


GDPPR COVID-19 – CCG - Pseudo — DARS-NIC-433158-L7X7P

Opt outs honoured: No - Statutory exemption to flow confidential data without consent, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Statutory exemption to flow confidential data without consent)

Legal basis: CV19: Regulation 3 (4) of the Health Service (Control of Patient Information) Regulations 2002, CV19: Regulation 3 (4) of the Health Service (Control of Patient Information) Regulations 2002; Health and Social Care Act 2012 - s261(5)(d)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2021-02-08 — 2021-09-30 2021.03 — 2021.05.

Access method: One-Off, Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS LINCOLNSHIRE CCG, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE ICB - 71E

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. GPES Data for Pandemic Planning and Research (COVID-19)
  2. COVID-19 Ethnic Category Data Set
  3. COVID-19 Vaccination Status

Objectives:

NHS Digital has been provided with the necessary powers to support the Secretary of State’s response to COVID-19 under the COVID-19 Public Health Directions 2020 (COVID-19 Directions) and support various COVID-19 purposes, the data shared under this agreement can be used for these specified purposes except where they would require the reidentification of individuals.

GPES data for pandemic planning and research (GDPPR COVID 19)
To support the response to the outbreak, NHS Digital has been legally directed to collect and analyse healthcare information about patients from their GP record for the duration of the COVID-19 emergency period under the COVID-19 Directions.
The data which NHS Digital has collected and is providing under this agreement includes coded health data, which is held in a patient’s GP record, such as details of:
• diagnoses and findings
• medications and other prescribed items
• investigations, tests and results
• treatments and outcomes
• vaccinations and immunisations

Details of any sensitive SNOMED codes included in the GDPPR data set can be found in the Reference Data and GDPPR COVID 19 user guides hosted on the NHS Digital website. SNOMED codes are included in GDPPR data.
There are no free text record entries in the data.

The Controller will use the pseudonymised GDPPR COVID 19 data to provide intelligence to support their local response to the COVID-19 emergency. The data is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the CCG area for the COVID-19 purposes.

Such uses of the data include but are not limited to:

• Analysis of missed appointments - Analysis of local missed/delayed referrals due to the COVID-19 crisis to estimate the potential impact and to estimate when ‘normal’ health and care services may resume, linked to Paragraph 2.2.3 of the COVID-19 Directions.

• Patient risk stratification and predictive modelling - to highlight patients at risk of requiring hospital admission due to COVID-19, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models linked to Paragraph 2.2.2 of the COVID-19 Directions. As with all risk stratification, this would lead to the identification of the characteristics of a cohort that could subsequently, and separately, be used to identify individuals for intervention. However the identification of individuals will not be done as part of this data sharing agreement, and the data shared under this agreement will not be reidentified.

• Resource Allocation - In order to assess system wide impact of COVID-19, the GDPPR COVID 19 data will allow reallocation of resources to the worst hit localities using their expertise in scenario planning, clinical impact and assessment of workforce needs, linked to Paragraph 2.2.4 of the COVID-19 Directions:

The data may only be linked by the Data Controller or their respective Data Processor, to other pseudonymised datasets which it holds under a current data sharing agreement only where such data is provided for the purposes of general commissioning by NHS Digital. The Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations (COPI) will also apply to any data linked to the GDPPR data.
The linked data may only be used for purposes stipulated within this agreement and may only be held and used whilst both data sharing agreements are live and in date. Using the linked data for any other purposes, including non-COVID-19 purposes would be considered a breach of this agreement. Reidentification of individuals is not permitted under this DSA.

LEGAL BASIS FOR PROCESSING DATA:
Legal Basis for NHS Digital to Disseminate the Data:
NHS Digital is able to disseminate data with the Recipients for the agreed purposes under a notice issued to NHS Digital by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care under Regulation 3(4) of the Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations (COPI) dated 17 March 2020 (the NHSD COPI Notice).
The Recipients are health organisations covered by Regulation 3(3) of COPI and the agreed purposes (paragraphs 2.2.2-2.2.4 of the COVID-19 Directions, as stated below in section 5a) for which the disseminated data is being shared are covered by Regulation 3(1) of COPI.

Under the Health and Social Care Act, NHS Digital is relying on section 261(5)(d) – necessary or expedient to share the disseminated data with the Recipients for the agreed purposes.


Legal Basis for Processing:
The Recipients are able to receive and process the disseminated data under a notice issued to the Recipients by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care under Regulation 3(4) of COPI dated 20th March (the Recipient COPI Notice section 2).

The Secretary of State has issued notices under the Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations 2002 requiring the following organisations to process information:

Health organisations

“Health Organisations” defined below under Regulation 3(3) of COPI includes CCGs for the reasons explained below. These are clinically led statutory NHS bodies responsible for the planning and commissioning of health care services for their local area

The Secretary of State for Health and Social Care has issued NHS Digital with a Notice under Regulation 3(4) of the National Health Service (Control of Patient Information Regulations) 2002 (COPI) to require NHS Digital to share confidential patient information with organisations permitted to process confidential information under Regulation 3(3) of COPI. These include:

• persons employed or engaged for the purposes of the health service

Under Section 26 of the Health and Social Care Act 2012, CCG’s have a duty to provide and manage health services for the population.

Regulation 7 of COPI includes certain limitations. The request has considered these limitations, considering data minimisation, access controls and technical and organisational measures.

Under GDPR, the Recipients can rely on Article 6(1)(c) – Legal Obligation to receive and process the Disclosed Data from NHS Digital for the Agreed Purposes under the Recipient COPI Notice. As this is health information and therefore special category personal data the Recipients can also rely on Article 9(2)(h) – preventative or occupational medicine and para 6 of Schedule 1 DPA – statutory purpose.

Expected Benefits:

• Manage demand and capacity
• Reallocation of resources
• Bring in additional workforce support
• Assists commissioners to make better decisions to support patients
• Identifying COVID-19 trends and risks to public health
• Enables CCGs to provide guidance and develop policies to respond to the outbreak
• Controlling and helping to prevent the spread of the virus

Outputs:

• Operational planning to predict likely demand on primary, community and acute service for vulnerable patients due to the impact of COVID-19
• Analysis of resource allocation
• Investigating and monitoring the effects of COVID-19
• Patient Stratification in relation to COVID-19, such as:
o Patients at highest risk of admission
o Frail and elderly
o Patients that are currently in hospital
o Patients with prescriptions related to COVID-19
o Patients recently Discharged from hospital
For avoidance of doubt these are pseudonymised patient cohorts, not identifiable.

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract i.e.: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data).

The Recipients will take all required security measures to protect the disseminated data and they will not generate copies of their cuts of the disseminated data unless this is strictly necessary. Where this is necessary, the Recipients will keep a log of all copies of the disseminated data and who is controlling them and ensure these are updated and destroyed securely.

Onward sharing of patient level data is not permitted under this agreement. Only aggregated reports with small number suppression can be shared externally.

The data disseminated will only be used for COVID-19 GDPPR purposes as described in this DSA, any other purpose is excluded.

SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

AUDIT
All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital in accordance with the Data Sharing Framework Contract and NHS Digital terms.
Under the Local Audit and Accountability Act 2014, section 35, Secretary of State has power to audit all data that has flowed, including under COPI.

DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below:

• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the CCG region (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner area).
and/or
• Patients treated by a provider where the CCG is the host/co-ordinating commissioner and/or has the primary responsibility for the provider services in the local health economy.
and/or
• Activity identified by the provider and recorded as such within national systems (such as SUS+) as for the attention of the CCG.

The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
- GDPPR COVID 19 Data
Pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:
1. Pseudonymised GDPPR COVID 19 data is securely transferred from the DSCRO to the Data Controller / Processor
2. Aggregation of required data will be completed by the Controller (or the Processor as instructed by the Controller).
3. Patient level data may not be shared by the Controller (or any of its processors).


DSfC - NHS Lincolnshire CCG - RS, IV, Comms — DARS-NIC-362275-P4S4T

Opt outs honoured: No - data flow is not identifiable, Yes - patient objections upheld, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant, Identifiable (Mixture of confidential data flow(s) with support under section 251 NHS Act 2006 and non-confidential data flow(s))

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'.

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2020-04-01 — 2023-03-31 2020.04 — 2021.05.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow, One-Off

Data-controller type: NHS LINCOLNSHIRE CCG, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE ICB - 71E

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  3. Children and Young People Health
  4. Civil Registration - Births
  5. Civil Registration - Deaths
  6. Community Services Data Set
  7. Community-Local Provider Flows
  8. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  9. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  10. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  11. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  12. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  13. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  14. Maternity Services Data Set
  15. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  16. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  17. Mental Health Services Data Set
  18. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  19. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  20. National Diabetes Audit
  21. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  22. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  23. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  24. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  25. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  26. SUS for Commissioners
  27. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  28. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5

Objectives:

INVOICE VALIDATION
Invoice validation is part of a process by which providers of care or services get paid for the work they do.

Invoices are submitted to the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) so the CCG is are able to ensure that the activity claimed for each patient is their responsibility. This is done by processing and analysing Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, which is received into a secure Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF). The SUS+ data is identifiable at the level of NHS number. The NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets (data from providers) and will not be used further.

The CCG are advised by the appointed CEfF whether payment for invoices can be made or not.

Invoice Validation will be conducted by Liaison Financial Services

Liaison Financial Services Ltd conduct an independent ad-hoc review on retrospective payments made. Investing resource, skills and experience into deeper reconciliation, this identifies overcharges already paid and recovers savings for the CCG that would otherwise be lost.

RISK STRATIFICATION
Risk stratification is a tool for identifying and predicting which patients are at high risk (of health deterioration and using multiple services) or are likely to be at high risk and prioritising the management of their care in order to prevent worse outcomes.

To conduct risk stratification Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, identifiable at the level of NHS number is linked with Primary Care data (from GPs) and an algorithm is applied to produce risk scores. Risk Stratification provides focus for future demands by enabling commissioners to prepare plans for both individual and groups of vulnerable patients. Commissioners can then prepare plans for patients who may require high levels of care. Risk Stratification also enables General Practitioners (GPs) to better target intervention in Primary Care.

Risk Stratification will be conducted by Prescribing Services Ltd

COMMISSIONING
To use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support the commissioning of health services. The data (containing both clinical and financial information) is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the CCG area.

The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers.

The following pseudonymised datasets are required to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services:
- Secondary Uses Service (SUS+)
- Local Provider Flows
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
- Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
- Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
- Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
- Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
- Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
- Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
- Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
- National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)
- Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births)
- Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Deaths)
- National Diabetes Audit (NDA)
- Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)

The pseudonymised data is required to for the following purposes:
 Population health management:
• Understanding the interdependency of care services
• Targeting care more effectively
• Using value as the redesign principle
 Data Quality and Validation – allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
 Thoroughly investigating the needs of the population, to ensure the right services are available for individuals when and where they need them
 Understanding cohorts of residents who are at risk of becoming users of some of the more expensive services, to better understand and manage those needs
 Monitoring population health and care interactions to understand where people may slip through the net, or where the provision of care may be being duplicated
 Modelling activity across all data sets to understand how services interact with each other, and to understand how changes in one service may affect flows through another
 Service redesign
 Health Needs Assessment – identification of underlying disease prevalence within the local population
 Patient stratification and predictive modelling - to highlight patients at risk of requiring hospital admission and other avoidable factors such as risk of falls, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models

The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.

The CCGs wish to include pseudonymised primary care (GP) data in the population health management and patient stratification analyses to enable more comprehensive and patient/pathway focussed analyses (using the ‘pseudo at source model’).

The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.

Processing for commissioning will be conducted by NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit and Optum Health Solutions

Expected Benefits:

INVOICE VALIDATION
The invoice validation process supports the ongoing delivery of patient care across the NHS and the CCG region by:
1. Ensuring that activity is fully financially validated.
2. Ensuring that service providers are accurately paid for the patients treatment.
3. Enabling services to be planned, commissioned, managed, and subjected to financial control.
4. Enabling commissioners to confirm that they are paying appropriately for treatment of patients for whom they are responsible.
5. Fulfilling commissioners duties to fiscal probity and scrutiny.
6. Ensuring full financial accountability for relevant organisations.
7. Ensuring robust commissioning and performance management.
8. Ensuring commissioning objectives do not compromise patient confidentiality.
9. Ensuring the avoidance of misappropriation of public funds.


INVOICE VALIDATION – Liaison Financial Services Ltd
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Assurances over the robustness of internal control mechanisms relating to the payment of invoices and/or suggested improvements
4. Identification and recovery of monies which would otherwise be lost
5. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
6. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care
7. Benefit delivered 3-9 months from receiving data, depending on number of claims to investigate and resolve


RISK STRATIFICATION
Risk stratification promotes improved case management in primary care and will lead to the following benefits being realised:
1. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
2. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services thus allowing early intervention.
3. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
4. Supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework by allowing for more targeted intervention in primary care.
5. Better understanding of local population characteristics through analysis of their health and healthcare outcomes
All of the above lead to improved patient experience through more effective commissioning of services.

COMMISSIONING
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.

2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.

3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).

4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.

5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Financial and Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.

6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.

7. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.

8. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.

9. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.

10. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.

11. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.

12. Better understanding of contract requirements, contract execution, and required services for management of existing contracts, and to assist with identification and planning of future contracts

13. Insights into patient outcomes, and identification of the possible efficacy of outcomes-based contracting opportunities.

14. Reviewing current service provision
a. Cost-benefit analysis and service impact assessments to underpin service transformation across health economy
b. Service planning and re-design (development of NMoC and integrated care pathways, new partnerships, working with new providers etc.)
c. Impact analysis for different models or productivity measures, efficiency and experience
d. Service and pathway review
e. Service utilisation review

15. Ensuring compliance with evidence and guidance
a. Testing approaches with evidence and compliance with guidance.

16. Monitoring outcomes
a. Analysis of variation in outcomes across population group

17. Understanding how services impact across the health economy
a. Service evaluation
b. Programme reviews
c. Analysis of productivity, outcomes, experience, plan, targets and actuals
d. Assessing value for money and efficiency gains
e. Understanding impact of services on health inequalities

18. Understanding how services impact on the health of the population and patient cohorts
a. Measuring and assessing improvement in service provision, patient experience & outcomes and the cost to achieve this
b. Propensity matching and scoring
c. Triple aim analysis

19. Understanding future drivers for change across health economy
a. Forecasting health and care needs for population and population cohorts across STPs
b. Identifying changes in disease trends and prevalence
c. Efficiencies that can be gained from procuring services across wider footprints, from new innovations
d. Predictive modelling

20. Delivering services that meet changing needs of population
a. Analysis to support policy development
b. Ethical and equality impact assessments
c. Implementation of NMOC
d. What do next years contracts need to include?
e. Workforce planning

21. Maximising services and outcomes within financial envelopes across health economy
a. What-if analysis
b. Cost-benefit analysis
c. Health economics analysis
d. Scenario planning and modelling
e. Investment and disinvestment in services analysis
f. Opportunity analysis

22. More comprehensive and patient/pathway focussed analyses will be available when primary care (GP) data is included in the analysis.

Outputs:

INVOICE VALIDATION
1. The Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) will enable the CCG to challenge invoices and raise discrepancies and disputes.
2. Outputs from the CEfF will enable accurate production of budget reports, which will:
a. Assist in addressing poor quality data issues
b. Assist in business intelligence
3. Validation of invoices for non-contracted events where a service delivered to a patient by a provider that does not have a written contract with the patient’s responsible commissioner, but does have a written contract with another NHS commissioner/s.
4. Budget control of the CCG.


INVOICE VALIDATION – Liaison Financial Services Ltd
1. Validation of Continuing Healthcare related invoices and payments
2. Independent Identification of potential overpayments made by the CCG through invoice validation
3. Liaising with providers with a view to recouping these monies
4. Review is completed for the retrospective period from date of contract with Liaison Financial Services back to 01/04/2013.
5. Reviews take 3-9 months depending on number of claims to investigate and resolve
6. Liaison Financial Services would repeat the exercise 2-3 years later
7. CCGs could request reviews to be done more frequently
8. SUS+ would only be requested each time a review was completed, and could be requested at different times as independent reviews

RISK STRATIFICATION
1. As part of the risk stratification processing activity detailed above, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool which highlights patients for whom the GP is responsible and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
2. GP Practices will be able to view the risk scores for individual patients with the ability to display the underlying SUS+ data for the individual patients when it is required for direct care purposes by someone who has a legitimate relationship with the patient.

CCGs will be able to:
3. Target specific vulnerable patient groups and enable clinicians with the duty of care for the patient to offer appropriate interventions.
4. Reduce hospital readmissions and targeting clinical interventions to high risk patients.
5. Identify patients at risk of deterioration and providing effective care.
6. Reduce in the difference in the quality of care between those with the best and worst outcomes.
7. Re-design care to reduce admissions.
8. Set up capitated budgets – budgets based on care provided to the specific population.
9. Identify health determinants of risk of admission to hospital, or other adverse care outcomes.
10. Monitor vulnerable groups of patients including but not limited to frailty, COPD, Diabetes, elderly.
11. Health needs assessments – identifying numbers of patients with specific health conditions or combination of conditions.
12. Classify vulnerable groups based on: disease profiles; conditions currently being treated; current service use; pharmacy use and risk of future overall cost.
13. Production of Theographs – a visual timeline of a patients encounters with hospital providers.
14. Analyse based on specific diseases
In addition:
- The risk stratification tool will provide aggregate reporting of number and percentage of population found to be at risk.
- Record level output (pseudonymised) will be available for commissioners (of the CCG), pseudonymised at patient level. Onward sharing of this data is not permitted.

COMMISSIONING
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.

2. Readmissions analysis.

3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.

4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.#

5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.

6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.

7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.

8. GP Practice level dashboard reports include high flyers.

9. Comparators of CCG performance with similar CCGs as set out by a specific range of care quality and performance measures detailed activity and cost reports

10. Data Quality and Validation measures allowing data quality checks on the submitted data

11. Contract Management and Modelling

12. Patient Stratification, such as:
a. Patients at highest risk of admission
b. Most expensive patients (top 15%)
c. Frail and elderly
d. Patients that are currently in hospital
e. Patients with most referrals to secondary care
f. Patients with most emergency activity
g. Patients with most expensive prescriptions
h. Patients recently moving from one care setting to another
i. Discharged from hospital
ii. Discharged from community

13. Profiling population health and wider determinants to identify and target those most in need
a. Understanding population profile and demographics
b. Identify patient cohorts with specific needs or who may benefit from interventions
c. Identifying disease prevalence. health and care needs for population cohorts
d. Contributing to Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)
e. Geographical mapping and analysis

14. Identifying and managing preventable and existing conditions
a. Identifying types of individuals and population cohorts at risk of non-elective re-admission
b. Risk stratification to identify populations suitable for case management
c. Risk profiling and predictive modelling
d. Risk stratification for planning services for population cohorts
e. Identification of disease incidence and diagnosis stratification

15. Reducing health inequalities
a. Identifying cohorts of patients who have worse health outcomes typically deprived, ethnic groups, homeless, travellers etc. to enable services to proactively target their needs
b. Socio-demographic analysis

16. Managing demand
a. Waiting times analysis
b. Service demand and supply modelling
c. Understanding cross-border and overseas visitor
d. Winter planning
e. Emergency preparedness, business continuity, recovery and contingency planning

17. Care co-ordination and planning
a. Planning packages of care
b. Service planning
c. Planning care co-ordination

18. Monitoring individual patient health, service utilisation, pathway compliance experience & outcomes across the heath and care system
a. Patient pathway analysis across health and care
b. Outcomes & experience analysis
c. Analysis to support services to react to terror situations
d. Analysis to identify vulnerable patients with potential safeguarding issues
e. Understanding equity of care and unwarranted variation
f. Modelling patient flow
g. Tracking patient pathways
h. Monitoring to support New Models of Care (NMOC), Accountable Care Organisations (ACO), Sustainable Transformation Partnerships (STP)
i. Identifying duplications in care
j. Identifying gaps in care, missed diagnoses and triple fail events
k. Analysing individual and aggregated timelines

19. Undertaking budget planning, management and reporting
a. Tracking financial performance against plans
b. Budget reporting
c. Tariff development
d. Developing and monitoring capitated budgets
e. Developing and monitoring individual-level budgets
f. Future budget planning and forecasting
g. Paying for care of overseas visitors and cross-border flow

20. Monitoring the value for money
a. Service-level costing & comparisons
b. Identification of cost pressures
c. Cost benefit analysis
d. Equity of spend across services and population cohorts
e. Finance impact assessment

21. Comparing population groups, peers, national and international best practice
a. Identification of variation in productivity, cost, outcomes, quality, experience, compared with peers, national and international & best practice
b. Benchmarking against other parts of the country
c. Identifying unwarranted variations

22. Comparing expected levels
a. Standardised comparisons for prevalence, activity, cost, quality, experience, outcomes for given populations

23. Comparing local targets & plan
a. Monitoring of local variation in productivity, cost, outcomes, quality and experience
b. Local performance dashboards by service provider, commissioner, geography, NMOC, STPs

24. Monitoring activity and cost compliance against contract and agreed plans
a. Contract monitoring
b. Contract reconciliation and challenge
c. Invoice validation

25. Monitoring provider quality, demand, experience and outcomes against contract and agreed plans
a. Performance dashboards
b. CQUIN reporting
c. Clinical audit
d. Patient experience surveys
e. Demand, supply, outcome & experience analysis
f. Monitoring cross-border flows and overseas visitor activity

26. Improving provider data quality
a. Coding audit
b. Data quality validation and review
c. Checking validity of patient identity and commissioner assignment

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement. Data released will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

The DSCRO (part of NHS Digital) will apply National Opt-outs before any identifiable data leaves the DSCRO only for the purpose of Risk Stratification.

CCGs should work with general practices within their CCG to help them fulfil data controller responsibilities regarding flow of identifiable data into risk stratification tools.

The only identifier available in the data set is the NHS numbers. Any further identification of the patients will only be completed by the patient’s clinician on their own systems for the purpose of direct care with a legitimate relationship.


ONWARD SHARING:
Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

Aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared externally as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.


SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold identifiable data with opt outs applied and identifiable data with opt outs not applied, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from the DSCRO and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.

DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Commissioning:
• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the NHS Lincolnshire CCG region (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner). This includes data that was previously under a different organisation name but has now merged into this CCG.
and/or
• Patients treated by a provider where NHS Lincolnshire CCG is the host/co-ordinating commissioner and/or has the primary responsibility for the provider services in the local health economy – this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows. This includes data that was previously under a different organisation name but has now merged into this CCG.
and/or
• Activity identified by the provider and recorded as such within national systems (such as SUS+) as for the attention of NHS Lincolnshire CCG - this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.

For the purpose of Risk Stratification:
• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the NHS Lincolnshire CCG region (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner. This includes data that was previously under a different organisation name but has now merged into this CCG.

For the purpose of Invoice Validation:
• Patients who are resident and/or registered within the CCG region. This includes data that was previously under a different organisation name but has now merged into this CCG.

In addition to the dissemination of Cancer Waiting Times Data via the DSCRO, the CCG is able to access reports held within the CWT system in NHS Digital directly. Access within the CCG is limited to those with a need to process the data for the purposes described in this agreement.

A CCG user will be able to access the provider extracts from the portal for any provider where at least 1 patient for whom they are the registered CCG for that individuals GP practice appears in that setting

Although a CCG user may have access to pseudonymised patient information not related to that CCG, users should only process and analyse data for which they have a legitimate relationship (as described within Data Minimisation).

NHS Midlands and Lancashire Commissioning Support Unit, Greater Manchester Shared Service (Hosted by NHS Oldham CCG), NHS Arden and GEM Commissioning Support Unit and Microsoft UK supply IT infrastructure and are therefore listed as a data processor. They supply support to the system, but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

NHS Ilkeston Community Hospital, The Bunker Secure Hosting Ltd and Wrightington, Wigan and Leigh NHS Foundation Trust do not access data held under this agreement as they only supply the building. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

INVOICE VALIDATION
INVOICE VALIDATION - Liaison Financial Services Ltd
1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the Liaison Financial Services Ltd.
3. The CEfF also receive backing data from the provider.
4. Liaison Financial Services Ltd carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group are responsible for
payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or provider
backing flow data.
b. Once the provider backing information is received, this will be checked
against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being
checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to
confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the
CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG
guidance. 
5. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any
discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between Liaison Financial Services Ltd CEfF team and the provider, meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.

Processor 2: NHS Lincolnshire CCG
1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository by the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) located in the CCG.
3. The CEfF also receive backing data from the provider.
4. The CEfF conduct the following processing activities for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group are responsible for payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or provider backing flow data.
b. Once the provider backing information is received, it will be checked against national NHS and local commissioning policies, as well as being checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. In relation to a patient registered with the CCG, GP or resident within the CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG guidance. 
5. The CCG are notified by the CEfF that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved.


RISK STRATIFICATION
1. Identifiable SUS+ data is obtained from the SUS Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. Data quality management and standardisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the data identifiable at the level of NHS number is transferred securely to Prescribing Services Ltd, who hold the SUS+ data within the secure Data Centre.
3. Identifiable GP Data is securely sent from the GP system to Prescribing Services Ltd.
4. SUS+ data is linked to GP data in the risk stratification tool by the data processor.
5. As part of the risk stratification processing activity, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool within the data
processor, which highlights patients with whom the GP has a legitimate relationship and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
6. Once Prescribing Services Ltd has completed the processing, the CCG can access the online system via a secure connection to access the data pseudonymised at patient level.

COMMISSIONING
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS+
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
a. Acute
b. Ambulance
c. Community
d. Demand for Service
e. Diagnostic Service
f. Emergency Care
g. Experience, Quality and Outcomes
h. Mental Health
i. Other Not Elsewhere Classified
j. Population Data
k. Primary Care Services
l. Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
10. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
11. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)
12. Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births)
13. Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Deaths)
14. National Diabetes Audit (NDA)
15. Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)

Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:
Data Processor 1 – NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit
1. Pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS), Community Services Data Set (CSDS), Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS), National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT), Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births and Deaths), National Diabetes Audit (NDA) and Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit once points 2 to 6 below are completed.
2. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit also receive GP data. It is received as follows:
a. Identifiable GP data is submitted to NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
b. The data lands in a ring-fenced area for GP data only.
c. A specific named individual within NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit acts on behalf of the GP practice. This person has access to a closed black box type system (which includes a pseudonymisation process).
d. The individual requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to use with the black box system. There will be a separate key specific to the pseudonymisation request and the key will only be used for that specific project. The key is specific to the pseudonymisation request. The access controls around the individual’s role does not give them access to the data once it has been passed on to the NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
e. The GP data is then pseudonymised using the black box and DSCRO issued key. The identifiable GP data is then deleted from the ring-fenced area.
f. The data moves to point 3.
3. Pseudonymised GP data is held. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit make a request to NHS Digital (DSCRO).
4. The DSCRO send a mapping table to NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
5. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit overwrite the organisations specific pseudonymisation keys with the DSCRO provided keys.
6. The mapping table is then deleted.
7. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit receive the data listed within point 1 and add derived fields.
8. NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit, link the data listed in step 7 to the GP Data and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
9. Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the CCGs.
10. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit or the CCGs, as instructed by the CCGs.
11. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCGs, other than with their member GP Practices for each Practices own patients only, and will only be shared within the CCGs on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.
12. GP Practices may only re-identify data when they need to do so for direct care purposes.


Data Processor 2 – Optum Health Solutions UK
1. Pseudonymised SUS+ Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS), Community Services Data Set (CSDS), Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS), National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT), Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births and Deaths), National Diabetes Audit (NDA) and Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
2. Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit add derived fields and then pass the data securely to Optum Health Solutions UK.
3. Optum Health Solutions UK Ltd also receive pseudonymised GP data from Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit (processed as per points 2 to 6 under Data Processor 1)
4. Optum Health Solutions UK will link the data (from points 1., 2. and 3. above) and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
5. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1.
6. Optum Health Solutions UK then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the CCGs.
7. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by Optum Health Solutions UK or the CCGs as instructed by the CCGs.
8. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCGs, other than with their member GP Practices for each Practices own patients only, and will only be shared within the CCGs on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.
9. GP Practices may only re-identify data when they need to do so for direct care purposes.


DSfC - NHS South Lincolnshire CCG IV — DARS-NIC-353691-D9Z9G

Opt outs honoured: Yes - patient objections upheld, Identifiable (Section 251 NHS Act 2006)

Legal basis: National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'.

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2020-01-19 — 2023-01-18 2020.02 — 2020.03.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS LINCOLNSHIRE CCG, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE ICB - 71E

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. SUS for Commissioners

Objectives:

INVOICE VALIDATION
Invoice validation is part of a process by which providers of care or services get paid for the work they do.
Invoices are submitted to the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) so they are able to ensure that the activity claimed for each patient is their responsibility. This is done by processing and analysing Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, which is received into a secure Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF). The SUS+ data is identifiable at the level of NHS number. The NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets and will not be used further.

The CCG are advised by the appointed CEfF whether payment for invoices can be made or not.

Invoice Validation will be conducted by Liaison Financial Services.

Liaison Financial Services conduct an independent ad-hoc review on retrospective payments made. Investing resource, skills and experience into deeper reconciliation, this identifies overcharges already paid and recovers savings for the CCG that would otherwise be lost.

Expected Benefits:

INVOICE VALIDATION - Liaison Financial Services
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Assurances over the robustness of internal control mechanisms relating to the payment of invoices and/or suggested improvements
4. Identification and recovery of monies which would otherwise be lost
5. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
6. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care
7. Benefit delivered 3-9 months from receiving data, depending on number of claims to investigate and resolve

Outputs:

INVOICE VALIDATION - Liaison Financial Services
1. Validation of Continuing Healthcare related invoices and payments
2. Independent Identification of potential overpayments made by the CCG through invoice validation
3. Liaising with providers with a view to recouping these monies
4. Review is completed for the retrospective period from date of contract with Liaison Financial Services back to 01/04/2013.
5. Reviews take 3-9 months depending on number of claims to investigate and resolve
6. Liaison Financial Services would repeat the exercise 2-3 years later
7. CCGs could request reviews to be done more frequently
8. SUS+ would only be requested each time a review was completed, and could be requested at different times as independent reviews

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement. Data released will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

ONWARD SHARING:
Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

Aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared externally as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.

SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold identifiable data with opt outs applied and identifiable data with opt outs not applied, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from the DSCRO and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.

DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Invoice Validation:
• CCG of residence and/or registration.

Microsoft UK supply provide Cloud Services for Liaison Financial Services Ltd and are therefore listed as a data processor. They supply support to the system, but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

INVOICE VALIDATION - Liaison Financial Services Ltd
1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the Liaison Financial Services Ltd.
3. The CEfF also receive backing data from the provider.
4. Liaison Financial Services Ltd carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group are responsible for
payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or provider
backing flow data.
b. Once the provider backing information is received, this will be checked
against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being
checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to
confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the
CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG
guidance. 
5. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any
discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between Liaison Financial Services Ltd CEfF team and the provider, meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.


DSfC - NHS Lincolnshire West CCG - IV — DARS-NIC-352298-S8K3P

Opt outs honoured: Yes - patient objections upheld, Identifiable (Section 251 NHS Act 2006)

Legal basis: National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'.

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2020-01-16 — 2023-01-15 2020.02 — 2020.03.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS LINCOLNSHIRE CCG, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE ICB - 71E

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. SUS for Commissioners

Objectives:

INVOICE VALIDATION
Invoice validation is part of a process by which providers of care or services get paid for the work they do.
Invoices are submitted to the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) so they are able to ensure that the activity claimed for each patient is their responsibility. This is done by processing and analysing Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, which is received into a secure Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF). The SUS+ data is identifiable at the level of NHS number. The NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets and will not be used further.

The CCG are advised by the appointed CEfF whether payment for invoices can be made or not.

Invoice Validation will be conducted by Liaison Financial Services.

Liaison Financial Services conduct an independent ad-hoc review on retrospective payments made. Investing resource, skills and experience into deeper reconciliation, this identifies overcharges already paid and recovers savings for the CCG that would otherwise be lost.

Expected Benefits:

INVOICE VALIDATION - Liaison Financial Services
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Assurances over the robustness of internal control mechanisms relating to the payment of invoices and/or suggested improvements
4. Identification and recovery of monies which would otherwise be lost
5. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
6. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care
7. Benefit delivered 3-9 months from receiving data, depending on number of claims to investigate and resolve

Outputs:

INVOICE VALIDATION - Liaison Financial Services
1. Validation of Continuing Healthcare related invoices and payments
2. Independent Identification of potential overpayments made by the CCG through invoice validation
3. Liaising with providers with a view to recouping these monies
4. Review is completed for the retrospective period from date of contract with Liaison Financial Services back to 01/04/2013.
5. Reviews take 3-9 months depending on number of claims to investigate and resolve
6. Liaison Financial Services would repeat the exercise 2-3 years later
7. CCGs could request reviews to be done more frequently
8. SUS+ would only be requested each time a review was completed, and could be requested at different times as independent reviews

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement. Data released will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

ONWARD SHARING:
Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

Aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared externally as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.

SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold identifiable data with opt outs applied and identifiable data with opt outs not applied, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from the DSCRO and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.

DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Invoice Validation:
• CCG of residence and/or registration.

Microsoft UK supply provide Cloud Services for Liaison Financial Services Ltd and are therefore listed as a data processor. They supply support to the system, but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

INVOICE VALIDATION - Liaison Financial Services Ltd
1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the Liaison Financial Services Ltd.
3. The CEfF also receive backing data from the provider.
4. Liaison Financial Services Ltd carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group are responsible for
payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or provider
backing flow data.
b. Once the provider backing information is received, this will be checked
against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being
checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to
confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the
CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG
guidance. 
5. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any
discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between Liaison Financial Services Ltd CEfF team and the provider, meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.


DSfC - Lincolnshire East CCG - STP commissioning - 4 CCGs with Pseudo at Source GP Data — DARS-NIC-224512-Z9W0B

Opt outs honoured: No - data flow is not identifiable, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Does not include the flow of confidential data)

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive, and Non Sensitive, and Non-Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2019-01-01 — 2021-12-31 2018.10 — 2020.03.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS LINCOLNSHIRE CCG, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE ICB - 71E

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  3. Children and Young People Health
  4. Community Services Data Set
  5. Community-Local Provider Flows
  6. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  7. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  8. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  9. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  10. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  11. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  12. Maternity Services Data Set
  13. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  14. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  15. Mental Health Services Data Set
  16. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  17. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  18. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  19. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  20. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  21. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  22. SUS for Commissioners
  23. Civil Registration - Births
  24. Civil Registration - Deaths
  25. National Diabetes Audit
  26. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  27. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  28. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5

Objectives:

The NHS and local councils have come together in 44 areas covering all of England to develop proposals to improve health and care. They have formed new partnerships – known as sustainability and transformation partnerships – to plan jointly for the next few years.

Sustainability and transformation partnerships build on collaborative work that began under the NHS Shared Planning Guidance for 2016/17 – 2020/21, to support implementation of the Five Year Forward View. They are supported by six national health and care bodies: NHS England; NHS Improvement; the Care Quality Commission (CQC); Health Education England (HEE); Public Health England (PHE) and the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).

The CCG is part of the Lincolnshire Sustainability Transformation Partnership. The STP is responsible for implementing large parts of the 5 year forward view from NHS England. The STP is implementing several initiatives:

• Putting the patient at the heart of the health system
• Working across organisational boundaries to deliver care and including social care, public Health, providers and GPs as well as CCGs
• Reviewing patient pathways to improve patient experience whilst reducing costs e.g. reduce the number of standard tests a patient may have and only have the ones they need
• Planning the demand and capacity across the healthcare system across NHS Lincolnshire East CCG, NHS Lincolnshire West CCG, NHS South Lincolnshire CCG and NHS South West Lincolnshire CCG to ensure we have the right buildings, services and staff to cope with demand whilst reducing the impact on costs
• Working to prevent or capture conditions early as they are cheaper to treat
• Introduce initiatives to change behaviours e.g. move more care into the community
• Patient pathway planning for the above


To ensure the patient is at the heart of care, the STP is focussing on where services are required across the geographical region. This assists to ensure delivery of care in the right place for patients who may move and change services across CCGs.

The CCG will work proactively and collaboratively with the other CCGs in the STP to redesign services across boundaries to integrate services. Collaborative sharing is required for CCGs to understand these requirements.

The CCGs will use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support the commissioning of health services. The data (containing both clinical and financial information) is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the STP area.
The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers.

The following pseudonymised datasets are required to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services:
• Secondary Uses Service (SUS+)
• Local Provider Flows
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
• Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
• Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
• Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
• Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
• Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
• Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
• Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
• Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
• National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)

The pseudonymised data is required to for the following purposes:
o Population health management:
• Understanding the interdependency of care services
• Targeting care more effectively
• Using value as the redesign principle
o Data Quality and Validation – allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
o Thoroughly investigating the needs of the population, to ensure the right services are available for individuals when and where they need them
o Understanding cohorts of residents who are at risk of becoming users of some of the more expensive services, to better understand and manage those needs
o Monitoring population health and care interactions to understand where people may slip through the net, or where the provision of care may be being duplicated
o Modelling activity across all data sets to understand how services interact with each other, and to understand how changes in one service may affect flows through another
o Service redesign
o Health Needs Assessment – identification of underlying disease prevalence within the local population
o Patient stratification and predictive modelling - to identify specific patients at risk of requiring hospital admission and other avoidable factors such as risk of falls, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models

The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
Processing for commissioning will be conducted by the two data processors supporting the STP:
• NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit
• Optum Commissioning Unit, Optum Health Solutions UK

The 4 CCGs who are working collaboratively on commissioning activities – for example each CCG will lead of different services. Both data processors will support all 4 CCGs. The data processors have different areas of expertise and the work they undertake is tailored to these areas to keep any duplication to a minimum. They therefore undertake separate analytical activities from each other whilst complementing the work of each other to better support the STP arrangements, and to ensure the data processors are bringing benefits to the CCGs that only the Data Processors, through their skills and expertise, can achieve.


The new wording on data minimisation is requested for lead commissioner/associate commissioner data.

Yielded Benefits:

Expected Benefits:

1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Financial and Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.
7. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
8. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.
9. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
10. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.
11. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.
12. Better understanding of contract requirements, contract execution, and required services for management of existing contracts, and to assist with identification and planning of future contracts
13. Insights into patient outcomes, and identification of the possible efficacy of outcomes-based contracting opportunities.
14. Reviewing current service provision
a. Cost-benefit analysis and service impact assessments to underpin service transformation across health economy
b. Service planning and re-design (development of NMoC and integrated care pathways, new partnerships, working with new providers etc.)
c. Impact analysis for different models or productivity measures, efficiency and experience
d. Service and pathway review
e. Service utilisation review
15. Ensuring compliance with evidence and guidance
a. Testing approaches with evidence and compliance with guidance.
16. Monitoring outcomes
a. Analysis of variation in outcomes across population group
17. Understanding how services impact across the health economy
a. Service evaluation
b. Programme reviews
c. Analysis of productivity, outcomes, experience, plan, targets and actuals
d. Assessing value for money and efficiency gains
e. Understanding impact of services on health inequalities
18. Understanding how services impact on the health of the population and patient cohorts
a. Measuring and assessing improvement in service provision, patient experience & outcomes and the cost to achieve this
b. Propensity matching and scoring
c. Triple aim analysis
19. Understanding future drivers for change across health economy
a. Forecasting health and care needs for population and population cohorts across STPs
b. Identifying changes in disease trends and prevalence
c. Efficiencies that can be gained from procuring services across wider footprints, from new innovations
d. Predictive modelling
20. Delivering services that meet changing needs of population
a. Analysis to support policy development
b. Ethical and equality impact assessments
c. Implementation of NMOC
d. What do next years contracts need to include?
e. Workforce planning
21. Maximising services and outcomes within financial envelopes across health economy
a. What-if analysis
b. Cost-benefit analysis
c. Health economics analysis
d. Scenario planning and modelling
e. Investment and disinvestment in services analysis
f. Opportunity analysis

Outputs:

1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.#
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports include high flyers.
9. Comparators of CCG performance with similar CCGs as set out by a specific range of care quality and performance measures detailed activity and cost reports
10. Data Quality and Validation measures allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
11. Contract Management and Modelling
12. Patient Stratification, such as:
a. Patients at highest risk of admission
b. Most expensive patients (top 15%)
c. Frail and elderly
d. Patients that are currently in hospital
e. Patients with most referrals to secondary care
f. Patients with most emergency activity
g. Patients with most expensive prescriptions
h. Patients recently moving from one care setting to another
i. Discharged from hospital
ii. Discharged from community
13. Profiling population health and wider determinants to identify and target those most in need
a. Understanding population profile and demographics
b. Identify patient cohorts with specific needs or who may benefit from interventions
c. Identifying disease prevalence. health and care needs for population cohorts
d. Contributing to Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)
e. Geographical mapping and analysis
14. Identifying and managing preventable and existing conditions
a. Identifying types of individuals and population cohorts at risk of non-elective re-admission
b. Risk stratification to identify populations suitable for case management
c. Risk profiling and predictive modelling
d. Risk stratification for planning services for population cohorts
e. Identification of disease incidence and diagnosis stratification
15. Reducing health inequalities
a. Identifying cohorts of patients who have worse health outcomes typically deprived, ethnic groups, homeless, travellers etc. to enable services to proactively target their needs
b. Socio-demographic analysis
16. Managing demand
a. Waiting times analysis
b. Service demand and supply modelling
c. Understanding cross-border and overseas visitor
d. Winter planning
e. Emergency preparedness, business continuity, recovery and contingency planning
17. Care co-ordination and planning
a. Planning packages of care
b. Service planning
c. Planning care co-ordination
18. Monitoring individual patient health, service utilisation, pathway compliance experience & outcomes across the heath and care system
a. Patient pathway analysis across health and care
b. Outcomes & experience analysis
c. Analysis to support services to react to terror situations
d. Analysis to identify vulnerable patients with potential safeguarding issues
e. Understanding equity of care and unwarranted variation
f. Modelling patient flow
g. Tracking patient pathways
h. Monitoring to support New Models of Care (NMOC), Accountable Care Organisations (ACO), Sustainable Transformation Partnerships (STP)
i. Identifying duplications in care
j. Identifying gaps in care, missed diagnoses and triple fail events
k. Analysing individual and aggregated timelines
19. Undertaking budget planning, management and reporting
a. Tracking financial performance against plans
b. Budget reporting
c. Tariff development
d. Developing and monitoring capitated budgets
e. Developing and monitoring individual-level budgets
f. Future budget planning and forecasting
g. Paying for care of overseas visitors and cross-border flow
20. Monitoring the value for money
a. Service-level costing & comparisons
b. Identification of cost pressures
c. Cost benefit analysis
d. Equity of spend across services and population cohorts
e. Finance impact assessment
21. Comparing population groups, peers, national and international best practice
a. Identification of variation in productivity, cost, outcomes, quality, experience, compared with peers, national and international & best practice
b. Benchmarking against other parts of the country
c. Identifying unwarranted variations
22. Comparing expected levels
a. Standardised comparisons for prevalence, activity, cost, quality, experience, outcomes for given populations
23. Comparing local targets & plan
a. Monitoring of local variation in productivity, cost, outcomes, quality and experience
b. Local performance dashboards by service provider, commissioner, geography, NMOC, STPs
24. Monitoring activity and cost compliance against contract and agreed plans
a. Contract monitoring
b. Contract reconciliation and challenge
c. Invoice validation
25. Monitoring provider quality, demand, experience and outcomes against contract and agreed plans
a. Performance dashboards
b. CQUIN reporting
c. Clinical audit
d. Patient experience surveys
e. Demand, supply, outcome & experience analysis
f. Monitoring cross-border flows and overseas visitor activity
26. Improving provider data quality
a. Coding audit
b. Data quality validation and review
c. Checking validity of patient identity and commissioner assignment

Processing:


Data must only be used as stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

All access to data is managed under Roles-Based Access Controls

No patient level data will be linked other than as specifically detailed within this agreement. Data will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement. The data to be released from NHS Digital will not be national data, but only that data relating to the specific locality and that data required by the applicant.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

Segregation
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.


Data Minimisation
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within section 3 are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Commissioning:
• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the commissioner (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner).
and/or
• Patients treated by a provider where the commissioner is the host/co-ordinating commissioner and/or has the primary responsibility for the provider services in the local health economy – this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.
and/or
• Activity identified by the provider and recorded as such within national systems (such as SUS+) as for the attention of the commissioner - this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.



For clarity, any access by Ilkeston Community Hospital to data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.


Commissioning:
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS+
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
a. Acute
b. Ambulance
c. Community
d. Demand for Service
e. Diagnostic Service
f. Emergency Care
g. Experience, Quality and Outcomes
h. Mental Health
i. Other Not Elsewhere Classified
j. Population Data
k. Primary Care Services
l. Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
10. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
11. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)

Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:

Data Processor 1 – NHS Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit
1. Pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS), Community Services Data Set (CSDS), Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS) and National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT).
only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
2. Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit add derived fields, link data and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
3. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1.
4. Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the CCGs.
5. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit or the CCGs as instructed by the CCGs.
6. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCGs and will only be shared within the CCGs on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.


Data Processor 2 – Optum Health Solutions UK
1. Pseudonymised SUS+ and Local Provider data only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit.
2. Arden and Greater East Midlands Commissioning Support Unit add derived fields and then pass the data securely to Optum Health Solutions UK.
3. Optum Health Solutions UK will link the data and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
4. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1.
5. Optum Health Solutions UK then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the CCGs.
6. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by Optum Health Solutions UK or the CCGs as instructed by the CCGs.
7. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCGs and will only be shared within the CCGs on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.


DSfC - NHS South West Lincolnshire CCG IV — DARS-NIC-147942-N8J6Y

Opt outs honoured: Yes - patient objections upheld, Identifiable (Section 251, Section 251 NHS Act 2006)

Legal basis: National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'.

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive, and Non Sensitive, and Non-Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2019-06-11 — 2022-06-10 2018.10 — 2020.03.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS LINCOLNSHIRE CCG, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE ICB - 71E

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. SUS for Commissioners

Objectives:


Invoice Validation
Invoice validation is part of a process by which providers of care or services get paid for the work they do.

Invoices are submitted to the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) so they are able to ensure that the activity claimed for each patient is their responsibility. This is done by processing and analysing Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, which is received into a secure Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF). The SUS+ data is identifiable at the level of NHS number. The NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets and will not be used further.

Invoice Validation with be conducted by Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd
The CCG are advised by Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd whether payment for invoices can be made or not.


Yielded Benefits:

The CCG has achieved all of the expected benefits. This is a very important and worthwhile function and supports correct appropriation of funding.

Expected Benefits:


Invoice Validation
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Commissioning and performance management
4. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
5. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care

Outputs:


Invoice Validation
1. Addressing poor data quality issues
2. Production of reports for business intelligence
3. Budget reporting
4. Validation of invoices for non-contracted events


Processing:

Data must only be used as stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

All access to data is managed under Roles-Based Access Controls

No patient level data will be linked other than as specifically detailed within this agreement. Data will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement. The data to be released from NHS Digital will not be national data, but only that data relating to the specific locality and that data required by the applicant.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

CCGs should work with general practices within their CCG to help them fulfil data controller responsibilities regarding flow of identifiable data into risk stratification tools.

Segregation
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from the DSCRO and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.


Data Minimisation
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within section 3 are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Invoice Validation:
• CCG of residence and/or registration.



Invoice Validation
1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd.
3. Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible for payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or backing flow data.
b. Once the backing information is received, this will be checked against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG guidance. 
4. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between Optum Health Solutions (UK) Ltd CEfF team and the provider meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.



DSfC - NHS Lincolnshire East CCG - IV — DARS-NIC-147936-X6M4N

Opt outs honoured: Yes - patient objections upheld, Identifiable (Section 251, Section 251 NHS Act 2006)

Legal basis: National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'.

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2019-05-01 — 2022-04-30 2019.01 — 2020.03.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS LINCOLNSHIRE CCG, NHS LINCOLNSHIRE ICB - 71E

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. SUS for Commissioners

Objectives:

Invoice Validation
Invoice validation is part of a process by which providers of care or services get paid for the work they do.
Invoices are submitted to the Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) so they are able to ensure that the activity claimed for each patient is their responsibility. This is done by processing and analysing Secondary User Services (SUS+) data, which is received into a secure Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF). The SUS+ data is identifiable at the level of NHS number. The NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets and will not be used further.

Invoice Validation with be conducted by the CCG

Yielded Benefits:

Having access to the SUS data for the purposes of Invoice Validation ensures much more accurate validation.

Expected Benefits:

Invoice Validation
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Commissioning and performance management
4. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
5. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care

Outputs:

Invoice Validation
1. Addressing poor data quality issues
2. Production of reports for business intelligence
3. Budget reporting
4. Validation of invoices for non-contracted events

Processing:

Data must only be used as stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

All access to data is managed under Roles-Based Access Controls

No patient level data will be linked other than as specifically detailed within this agreement. Data will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement. The data to be released from NHS Digital will not be national data, but only that data relating to the specific locality and that data required by the applicant.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

Segregation
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.
All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from NHS Digital and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.


Invoice Validation
1. Identifiable SUS+ Data is obtained from the SUS+ Repository by the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS+ data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) located in the CCG.
3. The CEfF conduct the following processing activities for invoice validation purposes:
a. Validating that the Clinical Commissioning Group is responsible for payment for the care of the individual by using SUS+ and/or backing flow data.
b. Once the backing information is received, this will be checked against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to confirm the payments are:
i. In line with Payment by Results tariffs
ii. In relation to a patient registered with the CCG GP or resident within the CCG area.
iii. The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG guidance. 
4. The CCG are notified by the CEfF that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved