NHS Digital Data Release Register - reformatted

NHS North East And North Cumbria Icb - 13t projects

6 data files in total were disseminated unsafely (information about files used safely is missing for TRE/"system access" projects).


DSfC - Newcastle Joint LA / CCG - Comm — DARS-NIC-580880-D9Q9P

Opt outs honoured: Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Does not include the flow of confidential data)

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 - s261 - 'Other dissemination of information'

Purposes: No (Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2022-01-05 — 2024-11-09

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: GATESHEAD METROPOLITAN BOROUGH COUNCIL, NHS NORTH EAST AND NORTH CUMBRIA ICB - 13T

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Adult Social Care
  3. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  4. Children and Young People Health
  5. Civil Registration - Births
  6. Civil Registration - Deaths
  7. Community Services Data Set
  8. Community-Local Provider Flows
  9. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  10. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  11. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  12. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  13. e-Referral Service for Commissioning
  14. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  15. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5
  16. Maternity Services Data Set
  17. Medicines dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA data)
  18. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  19. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  20. Mental Health Services Data Set
  21. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  22. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  23. National Diabetes Audit
  24. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  25. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  26. Personal Demographic Service
  27. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  28. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  29. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  30. Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator
  31. SUS for Commissioners

Objectives:

One of the key changes under the new Health and Social Care bill is the creation of 42 Integrated Care Systems (ICS) constituted of new legal entities which replace CCGs. As this agreement is coming into existence shortly prior to the expected date of this change, it is understood that it is likely there will need to be a new, closely related agreement put in place well before the end date stated here.

COMMISSIONING
To use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support the commissioning of health services. The data (containing both clinical and financial information) is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the CCG and Local Authority area.

The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers. The Local Authority commissions social care and some other health services and requires access to the same data as the CCG in order to work more collaboratively.

With Integrated Care Systems (ICS) due to be introduced during 2022, the CCG is already working closely with some of its' ICS members, of which includes the Local Authority. Having access to the same data will support this transition.

The CCG and the Council are working jointly on an Outcomes framework. This looks at service provision across the CCG and Local Authority as they commission services from a range of providers covering of health and care functions.

Data will be used to ensure that adequate services are commissioned to meet patient need within the CCG and local authority area, and that these services are designed in such a way as to maximise opportunities for improving efficiency, efficacy, reducing inequalities, and improving outcomes.

Processing for commissioning will be conducted by NHS North of England Commissioning. The data controllers will also process the data.

The following pseudonymised datasets are required to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services:
• Secondary Uses Service (SUS+)
• Local Provider Flows
• Acute
• Ambulance
• Community
• Demand for Service
• Diagnostic Service
• Emergency Care
• Experience, Quality and Outcomes
• Mental Health
• Other Not Elsewhere Classified
• Population Data
• Primary Care Services
• Public Health Screening
• Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
• Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
• Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
• Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
• Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
• Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
• Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
• Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
• National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)
• Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births)
• Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Deaths)
• National Diabetes Audit (NDA)
• Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)
• e-Referral Service (eRS)
• Personal Demographics Service (PDS)
• Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI)
• Medicines Dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA Data)
• Adult Social Care Data

Processing of the Medicines Dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA Data) dataset is only permitted to provide intelligence about the safety and effectiveness of medicines, as specified by the NHS Business Services Authority (NHSBSA) Medicines Data Directions 2019.

The pseudonymised data is required to for the following purposes:
• Population health management:
• Understanding the interdependency of care services
• Targeting care more effectively
• Data Quality and Validation – allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
• Thoroughly investigating the needs of the population, to ensure the right services are available for individuals when and where they need them
• To understand the demand of some of the more expensive services, to better understand and manage those needs
• Monitoring population health and care interactions to understand where people may slip through the net, or where the provision of care may be being duplicated
• Modelling activity across all data sets to understand how services interact with each other, and to understand how changes in one service may affect flows through another
• Service redesign
• Health Needs Assessment – identification of underlying disease prevalence within the local population
• Patient stratification and predictive modelling - to highlight cohorts of patients at risk of requiring hospital admission and other avoidable factors such as risk of falls, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models
• Demand Management - to improve the care service for patients by predicting the impact on certain care pathways and support the secondary care system in ensuring enough capacity to manage the demand.
• Support measuring the health, mortality or care needs of the total local population.
• Provide intelligence about the safety and effectiveness of medicines.
• Allow analysis of patient pathways across healthcare and social care.

The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG and local authority area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.

Processing for commissioning will be conducted by North of England Commissioning Support Unit

Yielded Benefits:

The CCG has recently published their annual report for 2020/21 - https://newcastlegatesheadccg.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/12/2021/06/NG-Annual-Report-Accounts-2021-2022-NS.pdf A summary of this can be found at https://newcastlegatesheadccg.nhs.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/12/2021/09/Newcastle-Gateshead-CCG-annual-report-summary-2020-21.pdf The annual report highlights the achievements made during the year, of which some would only have been achieved by using the data from NHS Digital. Page 5 of the annual report and accounts states; The CCG has continued to play an active part in the North East and North Cumbria Integrated Care System (ICS), building on the existing local leadership of clinical commissioning groups as the ICS moves towards statutory body status. The Department of Health and Social Care's white paper 'Integration and Innovation: working together to improve health and social care for all' points the way towards greater regional integration at ICS level as well as a strong focus on 'place-based' working in local areas, alongside key partners like local authorities. We are already very well placed to deliver strong 'place-based' working in both Newcastle and Gateshead, working with partners through the Collaborative Newcastle and Gateshead Cares partnerships. - NECS worked with the CCG to produce analysis to support the integration agenda using NHS Digital flows such as SUS. We have established dedicated local teams for Newcastle and Gateshead, which will provide a strong basis for future joint working as the new commissioning landscape takes shape. Both teams have already developed a range of local achievements along with their local partners, ranging from more efficient hospital discharge systems to better services for children with Special Educational Needs and Disabilities (SEND). - NHS Digital flows were used to support discharge and SEND work alongside other datasets Practices have continued to work towards a reduction in opioid, gabapentinoid and antibiotic prescribing, with Newcastle Gateshead the first CCG in the region to bring antibiotic prescribing below the national target. Our practices have continued to develop the care and support planning approach to long term conditions, while new initiatives are working to diagnose lung cancer earlier and support people who are at risk of type 2 diabetes. Further information about other achievements and future priorities can be found within the report.

Expected Benefits:

COMMISSIONING
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types.
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Financial and Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.
7. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
8. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.
9. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
10. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.
11. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.
12. Better understanding of contract requirements, contract execution, and required services for management of existing contracts, and to assist with identification and planning of future contracts
13. Insights into patient outcomes, and identification of the possible efficacy of outcomes-based contracting opportunities.
14. Providing greater understanding of the underlying courses and look to commission improved supportive networks, this would be ongoing work which would be continually assessed.
15. Insight to understand the numerous factors that play a role in the outcome for both datasets. The linkage will allow the reporting both prior to, during and after the activity, to provide greater assurance on predictive outcomes and delivery of best practice.
16. Provision of indicators of health problems, and patterns of risk within the commissioning region.
17. Support of benchmarking for evaluating progress in future years.
18. Allow reporting to drive changes and improve the quality of commissioned services and health outcomes for people.
19. Assists commissioners to make better decisions to support patients and drive changes in health care
20. Allows comparisons of providers performance to assist improvement in services – increase the quality
21. Allow analysis of health care provision to be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
22. To evaluate the impact of new services and innovations (e.g. if commissioners implement a new service or type of procedure with a provider, they can evaluate whether it improves outcomes for patients compared to the previous one).
23. Monitoring of entire population, as opposed to only those that engage with services
24. Enable Commissioners to be able to see early indications of potential practice resilience issues in that an early warning marker can often be a trend of patients re-registering themselves at a neighbouring practice.
25. Monitor the quality and safety of the delivery of healthcare services.
26. Allow focused commissioning support based on factual data rather than assumed and projected sources
27. Understand admissions linked to overprescribing.
28. Add value to the population health management workstream by adding prescribing data into linked dataset for segmentation and stratification.
29. Developing, through evaluation of person-level data, more effective prevention strategies and interventions across a pathway or care setting involving adult social care
30. Designing and implementing new payment models across health and adult social care
31. Understanding current and future population needs and resource utilisation for local strategic planning and commissioning purposes including for health, social care and public health needs.

Gateshead Council
This projects will provide a number of benefits for the CCG and Local Authority :
- Provide an ability to re-design services across health & social care to provide an opportunity if deemed suitable to jointly plan, commission and deliver services which will lead to improved outcomes for the population of the area
- Enable the CCG and Local Authority to enhance their joint outcomes framework that will establish an integrated approach to service management and delivery
- Support the move to a person rather than sector centred approach to service development

This will not only provide direct benefits to individuals and families within Newcastle Gateshead CCG, but also the wider strategic outcomes for the CCG and other providers in the system.

Outputs:

COMMISSIONING
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports.
9. Comparators of CCG performance with similar CCGs as set out by a specific range of care quality and performance measures detailed activity and cost reports
10. Data Quality and Validation measures allowing data quality checks on the submitted data
11. Contract Management and Modelling
12. Patient Stratification, such as:
o Patients at highest risk of admission
o High cost activity uses (top 15%)
o Frail and elderly
o Patients that are currently in hospital
o Patients with most referrals to secondary care
o Patients with most emergency activity
o Patients with most expensive prescriptions
o Patients recently moving from one care setting to another
i. Discharged from hospital
ii. Discharged from community
13. Validation for payment approval, ability to validate that claims are not being made after an individual has died, like Oxygen services.
14. Validation of programs implemented to improve patient pathway e.g. High users unable to validate if the process to help patients find the best support are working or did the patient die.
15. Clinical - understand reasons why patients are dying, what additional support services can be put in to support.
16. Understanding where patient are dying e.g. are patients dying at hospitals due to hospices closing due to Local authorities withdrawing support, or is there a problem at a particular trust.
17. Removal of patients from Risk Stratification reports.
18. Re births provide a one stop shop of information, Births are recorded in multiple sources covering hospital and home births, a chance to overlook activity.
19. Manage demand, by understanding the quantity of assessments required CCGs are able to improve the care service for patients by predicting the impact on certain care pathways and ensure the secondary care system has enough capacity to manage the demand.
20. Monitor the timing of key actions relating to referral letters. CCG’s are unable to see the contents of the referral letters.
21. Identify low priority procedures which could be directed to community-based alternatives and as such commission these services and deflect referrals for low priority procedures resulting in a reduction in hospital referrals.
22. Allow Commissioners to better protect or improve the public health of the total local patient population
23. Allow Commissioners to plan, evaluate and monitor health and social care policies, services, or interventions for the total local patient population
24. Allow Commissioners to compare their providers (trusts) mortality outcomes to the national baseline.
25. Investigate mortality outcomes for trusts.
26. Identify medication prescribing trends and their effectiveness.
27. Linking prescribing habits to entry points into the health and social care system
28. Identify, quantify and understand cohorts of patient’s high numbers of different medications (polypharmacy)
29. Monitoring, at a population level, particular cohorts of service users and designing analytical models which support more effective interventions in health and adult social care
30. Monitoring service and integrated care outcomes across a pathway or care setting involving adult social care


Gateshead Council
The council will utilise the pseudonymised data to provide analysis to support with:
- Conduct Health Needs Assessments
- Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population to provide a joint understanding
- Support with Population Health Management
- Understand the performance of jointly commissioned services and production of related reporting
- Systems outcome framework to measure the performance across health and social care system

The outputs listed will support both the CCG and the local authorities to fulfil their statutory duties. This joint application will allow collaboration where these statutory duties overlap

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement. Data released will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)

ONWARD SHARING:
There is no requirement for the analytical teams to re-identify patients, but in the development of cohorts of patients considered to be at risk, the data controllers may need the facility to provide identifiable results back to direct healthcare professionals or local authority direct care staff only for the purpose of direct care. Additionally clinicians, made aware of a number of cases that they believe would need intervention may request re-identification for that direct care purpose.

These instances of re-identification will generally be carried out as programmes of work or, rarely, on an individual/small group basis. All re-id requests will be processed and authorised by the DSCRO on a case by case basis. National data opt outs are not applied in these cases as they are for the purposes of direct care which follows the legal basis of implied consent.

The following are typical (generic) examples of instances where a CCG might want to use the re-identification process:

A&E High Attendance usage

The CCG can filter data to show for example the number of A&E attendances in a given period for each patient. The CCG can then flag to the relevant GP of the patient any patients that require intervention. An outcome of this is earlier intervention in the patient(s) care thus potentially reducing future costs and minimising future risk.

Polypharmacy re-IDs

CCG's can request re-ID of a list of patients to be sent to the relevant GP with a high number of medications (ingredient count) and review the medication for these patients. This can help address the risk of polypharmacy which is recognised as an adverse risk factor for patient safety. A by-product of such reviews may be to reduce costs of medication.

The Re-identification process for direct care is as follows:

1. The CCG identifies a patient cohort to be re-identified for the purpose of direct care.

2. The CCG sends a re-id request to the DSCRO. This may be done through the CCG or CSU’s Business Intelligence (BI) Tool, or through a manual form.

3. The DSCRO assesses as to whether the request passes the specified re-identification process checks. Checks include if the requester is authorised to access identifiable data, if the number of patients in the cohort is appropriate, and that the request does not seem inappropriate or outside of expected parameters, including for example around timings and the requestor’s relationship with patients in the data. These checks are carried out either by DSCRO staff using pre-approved information (timing’s, requester’s identity etc) or via an automated system. For automated systems, steps 1 -3 wouldn’t apply in most cases as it would be the direct care professional who identifies the cohort and as long as they are an approved re-id user and have gone through security checks initially, they will be able to re-id without more further checks.

4. If successful/approved, the DSCRO re-identifies the relevant data item(s) for the appropriate patients and returns the identifiable fields to Health or care professional(s) with a legitimate relationship to the patient. The CCG does not see the identifiable record.

5. DSCROs retain an audit trail of all re-id requests

6. National Data opt outs are not applied for the purpose of direct care

SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold identifiable data with opt outs applied and identifiable data with opt outs not applied, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital.

DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below. This also includes the purpose on which they would be applied -

For the purpose of Commissioning:
• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the NHS Newcastle Gateshead CCG and Gateshead Metropolitan Borough Council Local Authority region (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner).
and/or
• Patients treated by a provider where NHS Newcastle Gateshead CCG is the host/co-ordinating commissioner and/or has the primary responsibility for the provider services in the local health economy – this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.
and/or
• Activity identified by the provider and recorded as such within national systems (such as SUS+) as for the attention of NHS Newcastle Gateshead CCG - this is only for commissioning and relates to both national and local flows.

In addition to the dissemination of Cancer Waiting Times Data via the DSCRO, the CCG & Local Authority is able to access reports held within the CWT system in NHS Digital directly. Access within the CCG & Local Authority is limited to those with a need to process the data for the purposes described in this agreement.

A user will be able to access the provider extracts from the portal for any provider where at least 1 patient for whom they are the registered CCG for that individuals GP practice appears in that setting

Although a user may have access to pseudonymised patient information not related to them, users should only process and analyse data for which they have a legitimate relationship (as described within Data Minimisation).

Microsoft Limited provide Cloud Services for NHS North of England Commissioning Support Unit and are therefore listed as a data processor. They supply support to the system, but do not access data. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data

Pulsant and IT Professional Services Ltd do not access data held under this agreement as they only supply the building. Therefore, any access to the data held under this agreement would be considered a breach of the agreement. This includes granting of access to the database[s] containing the data.

COMMISSIONING
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS+
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
a. Acute
b. Ambulance
c. Community
d. Demand for Service
e. Diagnostic Service
f. Emergency Care
g. Experience, Quality and Outcomes
h. Mental Health
i. Other Not Elsewhere Classified
j. Population Data
k. Primary Care Services
l. Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
10. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
11. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT)
12. Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births)
13. Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Deaths)
14. National Diabetes Audit (NDA)
15. Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs)
16. e-Referral Service (eRS)
17. Personal Demographics Service (PDS)
18. Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI)
19. Medicines Dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA Data)
20. Adult Social Care Data

Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:

Data Processor 1 – North of England Commissioning Support Unit
1. Pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider data, Mental Health data (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity data (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies data (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health data (CYPHS), Community Services Data Set (CSDS), Diagnostic Imaging data (DIDS), National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring Data Set (CWT), Civil Registries Data (CRD) (Births and Deaths), National Diabetes Audit (NDA), Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs), e-Referral Service (eRS), Personal Demographics Service (PDS), Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI), Medicines Dispensed in Primary Care (NHSBSA Data) and Adult Social Care data only is securely transferred from the DSCRO to North of England Commissioning Support Unit.
2. North of England Commissioning Support Unit also receive GP and Social Care Data (see point i - ix)
3. North of England Commissioning Support Unit add derived fields by using existing data, link data and provide analysis to:
a. See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
b. Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
c. Undertake population health management
d. Undertake data quality and validation checks
e. Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
f. Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
g. Conduct Health Needs Assessments
4. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1 and 2.
5. North of England Commissioning Support Unit then pass the processed, pseudonymised and linked data to the Data Controllers.
6. Aggregation of required data for management use will be completed by North of England Commissioning Support Unit or the Data Controller.
7. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the Data Controller and will only be shared within on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.

North of England Commissioning Support Unit have individual data processing agreements in place with GPs, Local Authorities and the CCGs, to pseudonymise data. Acting on their behalf, North of England Commissioning Support Unit pseudonymises the data as follows:
i. Identifiable GP and Social Care data is submitted to North of England Commissioning Support Unit.
ii. The data lands in a ring-fenced area.
iii. North of England Commissioning Support Unit has access to a pseudonymisation tool. North of England Commissioning Support Unit requests an organisation specific pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO. The key can only be used once. The key is specific to the individual request and the organisation it is being requested for.
iv. The data is then pseudonymised using the organisation specific pseudonymisation tool and DSCRO issued key. The identifiable data is then deleted from the ring-fenced area.
v. To enable linkage to data listed in point 1, North of England Commissioning Support Unit make a request to the DSCRO.
vi. The DSCRO then send a mapping table to North of England Commissioning Support Unit.
vii. A black box uses the mapping table to overwrite the organisation specific pseudonym with the DSCRO pseudonym to enable linkage to NHS Digital released products (under this agreement).
viii. The mapping table if then deleted.
ix. In addition, for social care data only: Social Care organisations have access to the pseudonymisation tool and can request an organisation specific pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO. The key can only be used once and is specific to that date. The organisation then submits the pseudonymised social care data to North of England Commissioning Support Unit. The data then follows from point v.


For the purposes of the Outcomes framework processing will be as follows
1. NECS will provide processed, pseudonymised and linked commissioning datasets, primary care and local authority data contained within point 1 (Data processor – North of England Commissioning Support Unit) to Newcastle Gateshead CCG and Gateshead Council who will undertake joint analysis to:
-See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
-Undertake population health management
-Undertake data quality and validation checks
-Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
-Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
-Conduct Health Needs Assessments
2. Allowed linkage is between the data sets contained within point 1 as above. This linkage will be carried out in a shared cloud environment that both Newcastle Gateshead CCG and Gateshead council have access to. For clarity, this Cloud Environment is North of England CSU’s Microsoft Azure Cloud platform.
3. Gateshead Council will only analyse data where they have a legitimate relationship
4. The outputs of the analysis will be visible to both the CCG and Council
5. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG and Council and will only be shared within the CCG and Council on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number.

Suppression can be shared with other providers of health and care in the locality.


GDPPR COVID-19 – CCG - Pseudo — DARS-NIC-404692-C3F7B

Opt outs honoured: No - Statutory exemption to flow confidential data without consent, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant (Statutory exemption to flow confidential data without consent)

Legal basis: CV19: Regulation 3 (4) of the Health Service (Control of Patient Information) Regulations 2002, CV19: Regulation 3 (4) of the Health Service (Control of Patient Information) Regulations 2002; Health and Social Care Act 2012 - s261(5)(d)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2020-09-23 — 2021-03-31 2021.01 — 2021.05.

Access method: One-Off, Frequent Adhoc Flow

Data-controller type: NHS NEWCASTLE GATESHEAD CCG, NHS NORTH EAST AND NORTH CUMBRIA ICB - 13T

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. GPES Data for Pandemic Planning and Research (COVID-19)
  2. COVID-19 Ethnic Category Data Set
  3. COVID-19 Vaccination Status

Objectives:

NHS Digital has been provided with the necessary powers to support the Secretary of State’s response to COVID-19 under the COVID-19 Public Health Directions 2020 (COVID-19 Directions) and support various COVID-19 purposes, the data shared under this agreement can be used for these specified purposes except where they would require the reidentification of individuals.

GPES data for pandemic planning and research (GDPPR COVID 19)
To support the response to the outbreak, NHS Digital has been legally directed to collect and analyse healthcare information about patients from their GP record for the duration of the COVID-19 emergency period under the COVID-19 Directions.
The data which NHS Digital has collected and is providing under this agreement includes coded health data, which is held in a patient’s GP record, such as details of:
• diagnoses and findings
• medications and other prescribed items
• investigations, tests and results
• treatments and outcomes
• vaccinations and immunisations

Details of any sensitive SNOMED codes included in the GDPPR data set can be found in the Reference Data and GDPPR COVID 19 user guides hosted on the NHS Digital website. SNOMED codes are included in GDPPR data.
There are no free text record entries in the data.

The Controller will use the pseudonymised GDPPR COVID 19 data to provide intelligence to support their local response to the COVID-19 emergency. The data is analysed so that health care provision can be planned to support the needs of the population within the CCG area for the COVID-19 purposes.

Such uses of the data include but are not limited to:

• Analysis of missed appointments - Analysis of local missed/delayed referrals due to the COVID-19 crisis to estimate the potential impact and to estimate when ‘normal’ health and care services may resume, linked to Paragraph 2.2.3 of the COVID-19 Directions.

• Patient risk stratification and predictive modelling - to highlight patients at risk of requiring hospital admission due to COVID-19, computed using algorithms executed against linked de-identified data, and identification of future service delivery models linked to Paragraph 2.2.2 of the COVID-19 Directions. As with all risk stratification, this would lead to the identification of the characteristics of a cohort that could subsequently, and separately, be used to identify individuals for intervention. However the identification of individuals will not be done as part of this data sharing agreement, and the data shared under this agreement will not be reidentified.

• Resource Allocation - In order to assess system wide impact of COVID-19, the GDPPR COVID 19 data will allow reallocation of resources to the worst hit localities using their expertise in scenario planning, clinical impact and assessment of workforce needs, linked to Paragraph 2.2.4 of the COVID-19 Directions:

The data may only be linked by the Data Controller or their respective Data Processor, to other pseudonymised datasets which it holds under a current data sharing agreement only where such data is provided for the purposes of general commissioning by NHS Digital. The Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations (COPI) will also apply to any data linked to the GDPPR data.
The linked data may only be used for purposes stipulated within this agreement and may only be held and used whilst both data sharing agreements are live and in date. Using the linked data for any other purposes, including non-COVID-19 purposes would be considered a breach of this agreement. Reidentification of individuals is not permitted under this DSA.

LEGAL BASIS FOR PROCESSING DATA:
Legal Basis for NHS Digital to Disseminate the Data:
NHS Digital is able to disseminate data with the Recipients for the agreed purposes under a notice issued to NHS Digital by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care under Regulation 3(4) of the Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations (COPI) dated 17 March 2020 (the NHSD COPI Notice).
The Recipients are health organisations covered by Regulation 3(3) of COPI and the agreed purposes (paragraphs 2.2.2-2.2.4 of the COVID-19 Directions, as stated below in section 5a) for which the disseminated data is being shared are covered by Regulation 3(1) of COPI.

Under the Health and Social Care Act, NHS Digital is relying on section 261(5)(d) – necessary or expedient to share the disseminated data with the Recipients for the agreed purposes.


Legal Basis for Processing:
The Recipients are able to receive and process the disseminated data under a notice issued to the Recipients by the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care under Regulation 3(4) of COPI dated 20th March (the Recipient COPI Notice section 2).

The Secretary of State has issued notices under the Health Service Control of Patient Information Regulations 2002 requiring the following organisations to process information:

Health organisations

“Health Organisations” defined below under Regulation 3(3) of COPI includes CCGs for the reasons explained below. These are clinically led statutory NHS bodies responsible for the planning and commissioning of health care services for their local area

The Secretary of State for Health and Social Care has issued NHS Digital with a Notice under Regulation 3(4) of the National Health Service (Control of Patient Information Regulations) 2002 (COPI) to require NHS Digital to share confidential patient information with organisations permitted to process confidential information under Regulation 3(3) of COPI. These include:

• persons employed or engaged for the purposes of the health service

Under Section 26 of the Health and Social Care Act 2012, CCG’s have a duty to provide and manage health services for the population.

Regulation 7 of COPI includes certain limitations. The request has considered these limitations, considering data minimisation, access controls and technical and organisational measures.

Under GDPR, the Recipients can rely on Article 6(1)(c) – Legal Obligation to receive and process the Disclosed Data from NHS Digital for the Agreed Purposes under the Recipient COPI Notice. As this is health information and therefore special category personal data the Recipients can also rely on Article 9(2)(h) – preventative or occupational medicine and para 6 of Schedule 1 DPA – statutory purpose.

Expected Benefits:

• Manage demand and capacity
• Reallocation of resources
• Bring in additional workforce support
• Assists commissioners to make better decisions to support patients
• Identifying COVID-19 trends and risks to public health
• Enables CCGs to provide guidance and develop policies to respond to the outbreak
• Controlling and helping to prevent the spread of the virus

Outputs:

• Operational planning to predict likely demand on primary, community and acute service for vulnerable patients due to the impact of COVID-19
• Analysis of resource allocation
• Investigating and monitoring the effects of COVID-19
• Patient Stratification in relation to COVID-19, such as:
o Patients at highest risk of admission
o Frail and elderly
o Patients that are currently in hospital
o Patients with prescriptions related to COVID-19
o Patients recently Discharged from hospital
For avoidance of doubt these are pseudonymised patient cohorts, not identifiable.

Processing:

PROCESSING CONDITIONS:
Data must only be used for the purposes stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement. Any additional disclosure / publication will require further approval from NHS Digital.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

All access to data is managed under Role-Based Access Controls. Users can only access data authorised by their role and the tasks that they are required to undertake.

Patient level data will not be linked other than as specifically detailed within this Data Sharing Agreement.

NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract i.e.: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data).

The Recipients will take all required security measures to protect the disseminated data and they will not generate copies of their cuts of the disseminated data unless this is strictly necessary. Where this is necessary, the Recipients will keep a log of all copies of the disseminated data and who is controlling them and ensure these are updated and destroyed securely.

Onward sharing of patient level data is not permitted under this agreement. Only aggregated reports with small number suppression can be shared externally.

The data disseminated will only be used for COVID-19 GDPPR purposes as described in this DSA, any other purpose is excluded.

SEGREGATION:
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.

AUDIT
All access to data is auditable by NHS Digital in accordance with the Data Sharing Framework Contract and NHS Digital terms.
Under the Local Audit and Accountability Act 2014, section 35, Secretary of State has power to audit all data that has flowed, including under COPI.

DATA MINIMISATION:
Data Minimisation in relation to the data sets listed within the application are listed below:

• Patients who are normally registered and/or resident within the CCG region (including historical activity where the patient was previously registered or resident in another commissioner area).
and/or
• Patients treated by a provider where the CCG is the host/co-ordinating commissioner and/or has the primary responsibility for the provider services in the local health economy.
and/or
• Activity identified by the provider and recorded as such within national systems (such as SUS+) as for the attention of the CCG.

The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
- GDPPR COVID 19 Data
Pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:
1. Pseudonymised GDPPR COVID 19 data is securely transferred from the DSCRO to the Data Controller / Processor
2. Aggregation of required data will be completed by the Controller (or the Processor as instructed by the Controller).
3. Patient level data may not be shared by the Controller (or any of its processors).


DSfC - NHS Newcastle Gateshead CCG; RS, IV & Comm. — DARS-NIC-134638-Z3C2N

Opt outs honoured: No - data flow is not identifiable, Yes - patient objections upheld, Anonymised - ICO Code Compliant, Identifiable (Section 251, Section 251 NHS Act 2006, Mixture of confidential data flow(s) with support under section 251 NHS Act 2006 and non-confidential data flow(s))

Legal basis: Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'. , Health and Social Care Act 2012 - s261 - 'Other dissemination of information', Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(1) and s261(2)(b)(ii), Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(7); National Health Service Act 2006 - s251 - 'Control of patient information'., Health and Social Care Act 2012 – s261(2)(b)(ii)

Purposes: No (Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG), Sub ICB Location)

Sensitive: Sensitive, and Non Sensitive, and Non-Sensitive

When:DSA runs 2018-12-14 — 2021-12-13 2018.10 — 2021.05.

Access method: Frequent Adhoc Flow, One-Off

Data-controller type: NHS NEWCASTLE GATESHEAD CCG, NHS NORTH EAST AND NORTH CUMBRIA ICB - 13T

Sublicensing allowed: No

Datasets:

  1. Acute-Local Provider Flows
  2. Ambulance-Local Provider Flows
  3. Children and Young People Health
  4. Community Services Data Set
  5. Community-Local Provider Flows
  6. Demand for Service-Local Provider Flows
  7. Diagnostic Imaging Dataset
  8. Diagnostic Services-Local Provider Flows
  9. Emergency Care-Local Provider Flows
  10. Experience, Quality and Outcomes-Local Provider Flows
  11. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set
  12. Maternity Services Data Set
  13. Mental Health and Learning Disabilities Data Set
  14. Mental Health Minimum Data Set
  15. Mental Health Services Data Set
  16. Mental Health-Local Provider Flows
  17. Other Not Elsewhere Classified (NEC)-Local Provider Flows
  18. Population Data-Local Provider Flows
  19. Primary Care Services-Local Provider Flows
  20. Public Health and Screening Services-Local Provider Flows
  21. SUS for Commissioners
  22. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (CWT)
  23. Civil Registration - Births
  24. Civil Registration - Deaths
  25. e-Referral Service for Commissioning
  26. National Diabetes Audit
  27. Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  28. Personal Demographic Service
  29. Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator
  30. National Cancer Waiting Times Monitoring DataSet (NCWTMDS)
  31. Improving Access to Psychological Therapies Data Set_v1.5

Objectives:

Invoice Validation
As an approved Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF), North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU) receives SUS data identifiable at the level of NHS number according to S.251 CAG 7-07(a) and (c)/2013, to undertake invoice validation on behalf of the CCG. NHS number is only used to confirm the accuracy of backing-data sets and will not be shared outside of the CEfF. The CCG are advised by the CSU whether payment for invoices can be made or not.

Risk Stratification
To use SUS data identifiable at the level of NHS number according to S.251 CAG 7-04(a) (and Primary Care Data) for the purpose of Risk Stratification. Risk Stratification provides a forecast of future demand by identifying high risk patients. This enables commissioners to initiate proactive management plans for patients that are potentially high service users. Risk Stratification enables General Practitioners (GPs) to better target intervention in Primary Care.
Risk Stratification will be conducted by North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU)

Commissioning
To use pseudonymised data to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services. The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
The CCGs commission services from a range of providers covering a wide array of services. Each of the data flow categories requested supports the commissioned activity of one or more providers.
The following pseudonymised datasets are required to provide intelligence to support commissioning of health services:
- Secondary Uses Service (SUS)
- Local Provider Flows
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
- Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
- Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
- Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
- Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
- Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
- Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
- Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
- Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
The pseudonymised data is required to ensure that analysis of health care provision can be completed to support the needs of the health profile of the population within the CCG area based on the full analysis of multiple pseudonymised datasets.
Processing for commissioning will be conducted by North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU)

In addition, North of England Commissioning Support Unit also receive pseudonymised GP data, Social Care data and Consented Data. This is pseudonymised either at source or within North of England Commissioning Support Unit. This pseudonymisation tool is different to that held within the DSCRO. Also, each data source will use a variation of this tool so there is no linkage between these data until a common pseudonym has been applied via the DSCRO.

Yielded Benefits:

Expected Benefits:

Invoice Validation
1. Financial validation of activity
2. CCG Budget control
3. Commissioning and performance management
4. Meeting commissioning objectives without compromising patient confidentiality
5. The avoidance of misappropriation of public funds to ensure the ongoing delivery of patient care

Risk Stratification
Risk stratification promotes improved case management in primary care and will lead to the following benefits being realised:
1. Improved planning by better understanding patient flows through the healthcare system, thus allowing commissioners to design appropriate pathways to improve patient flow and allowing commissioners to identify priorities and identify plans to address these.
2. Improved quality of services through reduced emergency readmissions, especially avoidable emergency admissions. This is achieved through mapping of frequent users of emergency services and early intervention of appropriate care.
3. Improved access to services by identifying which services may be in demand but have poor access, and from this identify areas where improvement is required.
4. Potentially reduced premature mortality by more targeted intervention in primary care, which supports the commissioner to meets its requirement to reduce premature mortality in line with the CCG Outcome Framework.
5. Better understanding of the health of and the variations in health outcomes within the population to help understand local population characteristics.
All of the above lead to improved patient experience through more effective commissioning of services.

Commissioning
1. Supporting Quality Innovation Productivity and Prevention (QIPP) to review demand management, integrated care and pathways.
a. Analysis to support full business cases.
b. Develop business models.
c. Monitor In year projects.
d. Pooled health and social care budget reporting
2. Supporting Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) for specific disease types and patient groups
3. Health economic modelling using:
a. Analysis on provider performance against 18 weeks wait targets.
b. Learning from and predicting likely patient pathways for certain conditions, in order to influence early interventions and other treatments for patients.
c. Analysis of outcome measures for differential treatments, accounting for the full patient pathway.
d. Analysis to understand emergency care and linking A&E and Emergency Urgent Care Flows (EUCC).
4. Commissioning cycle support for grouping and re-costing previous activity.
5. Enables monitoring of:
a. CCG outcome indicators.
b. Non-financial validation of activity.
c. Successful delivery of integrated care within the CCG.
d. Checking frequent or multiple attendances to improve early intervention and avoid admissions.
e. Case management.
f. Care service planning.
g. Commissioning and performance management.
h. List size verification by GP practices.
i. Understanding the care of patients in nursing homes and social care.
6. Feedback to NHS service providers on data quality at an aggregate and individual record level – only on data initially provided by the service providers.
7. New commissioning and service delivery models delivered via joint health and social care teams reducing duplication
8. Reduction in variation of outcomes and quality of care through increased understanding of primary and secondary care interaction. E.g. if cancer treatment outcomes are poor in one area does the GP data indicate a delayed referral?
9. A complete understanding of service utilisation to aid capacity/demand planning across health and social care
10. Early warning of likely pressures in the wider health and system following increased activity in primary and social care giving other providers a chance to plan and react

Outputs:

Invoice Validation
1. Addressing poor data quality issues
2. Production of reports for business intelligence
3. Budget reporting
4. Validation of invoices for non-contracted events

Risk Stratification
1. As part of the risk stratification processing activity detailed above, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool which highlights patients for whom the GP is responsible and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
2. Output from the risk stratification tool will provide aggregate reporting of number and percentage of population found to be at risk.
3. Record level output will be available for commissioners (of the CCG), pseudonymised at patient level.
4. GP Practices will be able to view the risk scores for individual patients with the ability to display the underlying SUS data for the individual patients when it is required for direct care purposes by someone who has a legitimate relationship with the patient.
5. The CCG will be able to target specific patient groups and enable clinicians with the duty of care for the patient to offer appropriate interventions. The CCG will also be able to:
o Stratify populations based on: disease profiles; conditions currently being treated; current service use; pharmacy use and risk of future overall cost
o Plan work for commissioning services and contracts
o Set up capitated budgets
o Identify health determinants of risk of admission to hospital, or other adverse care outcomes.

Commissioning
1. Commissioner reporting:
a. Summary by provider view - plan & actuals year to date (YTD).
b. Summary by Patient Outcome Data (POD) view - plan & actuals YTD.
c. Summary by provider view - activity & finance variance by POD.
d. Planned care by provider view - activity & finance plan & actuals YTD.
e. Planned care by POD view - activity plan & actuals YTD.
f. Provider reporting.
g. Statutory returns.
h. Statutory returns - monthly activity return.
i. Statutory returns - quarterly activity return.
j. Delayed discharges.
k. Quality & performance referral to treatment reporting.
2. Readmissions analysis.
3. Production of aggregate reports for CCG Business Intelligence.
4. Production of project / programme level dashboards.
5. Monitoring of acute / community / mental health quality matrix.
6. Clinical coding reviews / audits.
7. Budget reporting down to individual GP Practice level.
8. GP Practice level dashboard reports include high flyers.
9. All of the above segmented in to population groups
10. Analysis across health and social care by patient (outputs aggregated) providing a greater understand of service interdependencies and opportunities for a single service delivery model where overlap may exist currently
11. Variation reporting between primary and secondary care (e.g. where one care setting suggests the patient has a condition but the other does not potentially leading to inappropriate treatment)
12. Delayed transfers of care analysis

Processing:

Data must only be used as stipulated within this Data Sharing Agreement.

Data Processors must only act upon specific instructions from the Data Controller.

Data can only be stored at the addresses listed under storage addresses.

The Data Controller and any Data Processor will only have access to records of patients of residence and registration within the CCG.

Patient level data will not be shared outside of the CCG unless it is for the purpose of Direct Care, where it may be shared only with those health professionals who have a legitimate relationship with the patient and a legitimate reason to access the data.

CCGs should work with general practices within their CCG to help them fulfil data controller responsibilities regarding flow of identifiable data into risk stratification tools.

No patient level data will be linked other than as specifically detailed within this agreement. Data will only be shared with those parties listed and will only be used for the purposes laid out in the application/agreement. The data to be released from NHS Digital will not be national data, but only that data relating to the specific locality of interest of the applicant.
The DSCRO (part of NHS Digital) will apply Type 2 objections before any identifiable data leaves the DSCRO.
NHS Digital reminds all organisations party to this agreement of the need to comply with the Data Sharing Framework Contract requirements, including those regarding the use (and purposes of that use) by “Personnel” (as defined within the Data Sharing Framework Contract ie: employees, agents and contractors of the Data Recipient who may have access to that data)
NHS Digital will not be involved with the pseudonymisation of Social Care Data and GP data referred to in this agreement.

NHS Digital is not involved in the processing of personal data once released from NHS Digital.

Segregation
Where the Data Processor and/or the Data Controller hold both identifiable and pseudonymised data, the data will be held separately so data cannot be linked.
All access to data is audited

Data for the purpose of Invoice Validation is kept within the CEfF, and only used by staff properly trained and authorised for the activity. Only CEfF staff are able to access data in the CEfF and only CEfF staff operate the invoice validation process within the CEfF. Data flows directly in to the CEfF from the DSCRO and from the providers – it does not flow through any other processors.


Invoice Validation
Identifiable SUS Data is obtained from the SUS Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
1. The DSCRO pushes a one-way data flow of SUS data into the Controlled Environment for Finance (CEfF) in the North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU).
2. The CSU carry out the following processing activities within the CEfF for invoice validation purposes:
o Checking the individual is registered to a particular Clinical Commissioning Group (CCG) and associated with an invoice from the SUS data flow to validate the corresponding record in the backing data flow
o Once the backing information is received, this will be checked against national NHS and local commissioning policies as well as being checked against system access and reports provided by NHS Digital to confirm the payments are:
 In line with Payment by Results tariffs
 are in relation to a patient registered with a CCG GP or resident within the CCG area.
 The health care provided should be paid by the CCG in line with CCG guidance. 
3. The CCG are notified that the invoice has been validated and can be paid. Any discrepancies or non-validated invoices are investigated and resolved between North of England CSU CEfF team and the provider meaning that no identifiable data needs to be sent to the CCG. The CCG only receives notification to pay and management reporting detailing the total quantum of invoices received pending, processed etc.

Risk Stratification
1. Identifiable SUS data is obtained from the SUS Repository to the Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO).
2. Data quality management and standardisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the data identifiable at the level of NHS number is transferred securely to North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU), who hold the SUS data within the secure Data Centre on N3.
3. Identifiable GP Data is securely sent from the GP system to North of England CSU.
4. SUS data is linked to GP data in the risk stratification tool by the data processor.
5. As part of the risk stratification processing activity, GPs have access to the risk stratification tool within the data processor, which highlights patients with whom the GP has a legitimate relationship and have been classed as at risk. The only identifier available to GPs is the NHS numbers of their own patients. Any further identification of the patients will be completed by the GP on their own systems.
6. Once North of England CSU has completed the processing, the CCG can access the online system via a secure N3 connection to access the data pseudonymised at patient level.

Commissioning
The Data Services for Commissioners Regional Office (DSCRO) obtains the following data sets:
1. SUS
2. Local Provider Flows (received directly from providers)
o Acute
o Ambulance
o Community
o Demand for Service
o Diagnostic Service
o Emergency Care
o Experience, Quality and Outcomes
o Mental Health
o Other Not Elsewhere Classified
o Population Data
o Primary Care Services
o Public Health Screening
3. Mental Health Minimum Data Set (MHMDS)
4. Mental Health Learning Disability Data Set (MHLDDS)
5. Mental Health Services Data Set (MHSDS)
6. Maternity Services Data Set (MSDS)
7. Improving Access to Psychological Therapy (IAPT)
8. Child and Young People Health Service (CYPHS)
9. Community Services Data Set (CSDS)
10. Diagnostic Imaging Data Set (DIDS)
Data quality management and pseudonymisation is completed within the DSCRO and is then disseminated as follows:
Data Processor 1 – North of England Commissioning Support Unit (CSU)
1. Data quality management and pseudonymisation of data is completed by the DSCRO and the pseudonymised data is then held until completion of points 2 – 7.
2. North of England Commissioning Support Unit also receive GP Data. It is received as follows:
o Identifiable GP data is submitted to the CSU.
o The data lands in a ring-fenced area for GP data only.
o There is a Data Processing Agreement in place between the GP and the CSU. A specific named individual within the CSU acts on behalf on the GP. This person has been issued with a black box.
o The individual requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be used once. The key is specific to that GP and the pseudonymisation request. The individual does not have access to the data once it has been passed on to the CSU.
o The GP data is then pseudonymised using the black box and DSCRO issued key – the clear data is then deleted from the ring-fenced area.
o The CSU are then sent the pseudo GP data with the pseudo key specific to them.
3. North of England Commissioning Support Unit receive a flow of social care data. Social Care data is received in one of the following 2 ways:
o Pseudonymised:
 The social care organisation is issued with their own black box solution.
 The social care organisation requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be used once and is specific to that date.
 The social care organisation submits the pseudonymised social care data to the CSU with the pseudo algorithm specific to them
o Identifiable:
 Identifiable Social Care data is submitted to North of England Commissioning Support Unit
 The data lands in a ring-fenced area for GP data only.
 There is a Data Processing Agreement in place between the Local Authority and North of England Commissioning Support Unit A specific named individual within North of England Commissioning Support Unit on behalf on the Local Authority. This person has been issued with a black box.
 The individual requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be used once. The key is specific to the Local Authority and to that specific date.
 Before North of England Commissioning Support Unit will receive the data from the ring-fenced area, they require confirmation that the identifiable data has been deleted.
 North of England Commissioning Support Unit are then sent the pseudonymised GP data with the pseudo algorithm specific to them.
4. North of England Commissioning Support Unit receive a flow of consented data. It is received as follows:
o Identifiable consented data is submitted to the CSU.
o The data lands in a ring-fenced area for consented data only.
o There is a Data Processing Agreement in place between the CCG and the CSU. A specific named individual within the CSU acts on behalf on the CCG. This person has been issued with a black box.
o The individual requests a pseudonymisation key from the DSCRO to the black box. The key can only be used once. The key is specific to the CCG and the pseudonymisation request. The individual does not have access to the data once it has been passed on to the CSU.
o The consented data is then pseudonymised using the black box and DSCRO issued key – the clear data is then deleted from the ring-fenced area.
o The CSU are then sent the pseudo consented data with the pseudo key specific to them.
5. Once the pseudonymised GP data, social care data and consented data is received, the CSU make a request to the DSCRO.
6. The DSCRO then send a mapping table to the CSU
7. The CSU then overwrite the organisation specific keys with the DSCRO key.
8. The mapping table is then deleted.
9. The DSCRO then pass the pseudonymised SUS, local provider data, Mental Health (MHSDS, MHMDS, MHLDDS), Maternity (MSDS), Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT), Child and Young People’s Health (CYPHS) and Diagnostic Imaging (DIDS) securely to North of England CSU for the addition of derived fields, linkage of data sets and analysis.
10. Social care, GP and Consented data is then linked to the data sets listed within point 9 in the CSU. utilising algorithms and analysis
11. North of England Commissioning Support provide analysis to:
o See patient journeys for pathways or service design, re-design and de-commissioning.
o Check recorded activity against contracts or invoices and facilitate discussions with providers.
o Undertake population health management
o Undertake data quality and validation checks
o Thoroughly investigate the needs of the population
o Understand cohorts of residents who are at risk
o Conduct Health Needs Assessments
12. North of England Commissioning Support also apply an risk stratification algorithm to the pseudonymised SUS+, Local Provider flows and GP data.
13. Aggregation of required data for CCG management use will be completed by the CSU as instructed by the CCG.
14. Patient level data will not be shared outside of the Data Processor/Controller and will only be shared within the Data Processors on a need to know basis, as per the purposes stipulated within the Data Sharing Agreement. External aggregated reports only with small number suppression can be shared as set out within NHS Digital guidance applicable to each data set.